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UI in the News

January 2008

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Van Allen's role vital in space age launch 50 years ago (MSNBC, Jan. 31)
The Web site carried an historic photo of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's William Pickering, University of Iowa physicist JAMES VAN ALLEN and rocket scientist Wernher von Braun holding up a model of Explorer 1 at a news conference after hearing the satellite had reached orbit on Jan. 31, 1958. The photo is included in an article celebrating the achievement of the launch of the Space Age 50 years ago. The article mentions the Army's Juno 1 rocket, a modified Redstone ballistic missile modified by Von Braun's team. JPL built the satellite, which would carry scientific experiments designed under Van Allen's direction.

Celebrating America's first spacecraft, Van Allen's role (Red Orbit, Jan. 31)
Explorer 1 was the first satellite launched by the United States when it was sent into space on Jan. 31, 1958. Following the launch of the Soviet Union's Sputnik 1 on Oct. 4, 1957, the U.S. Army Ballistic Missile Agency was directed to launch a satellite using its Jupiter C rocket developed under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. The primary science instrument on Explorer 1 was a cosmic ray detector designed to measure the radiation environment in Earth orbit. Once in space this experiment, provided by Dr. JAMES VAN ALLEN of the University of Iowa, revealed a much lower cosmic ray count than expected.

Giuliani move affects reporter's IEM portfolio (St. Petersburg Times, Jan. 31)
A reporter invested $500 in the IOWA ELECTRONIC MARKETS, hoping to learn about the stock market, become a more informed voter and make money. He bought 564 Rudy Giuliani shares, believing the candidate's strategy of skipping the early contests and emerging strongly from a crowded field coming out of Florida would work, but ended up selling his entire Giuliani stake for two-tenths of a cent per share. The reporter notes that he exchanged e-mails with GARY FETHKE, former interim president of IEM host University of Iowa, who wished him well and provided insight about how the IEM works.

Redlawsk: Edwards backers will be conflicted (Deseret Morning News, Jan. 31)
DAVID REDLAWSK, a political scientist at the University of Iowa, comments in a story about John Edwards ending his bid for the White House. Edwards plans to meet individually with Clinton and Obama in private before deciding whether to make an endorsement or remain neutral. "Edwards' supporters will be conflicted about where to go," Redlawsk said. The DESERET MORNING NEWS is based in Salt Lake City, Utah.,5143,695248884,00.html

Jahn toasts Reed's entrepreneurial approach (CNN, Jan. 30)
When Diana Reed was a senior at the University of Iowa she was double-majoring in business and dance, starring at football games as one of the Big Ten's top baton twirlers and running her own for-profit twirling studio on the side. The rest of the world got a look at Reed's talents, as the reigning Miss Iowa twirled her way down the red carpet at the Miss America pageant in Las Vegas. Reed's entrepreneurial drive may be an asset in pageant competitions, according to LYNN JAHN, assistant director of the University of Iowa's John Pappajohn Entrepreneurial Center. She said that Reed approached the competition with the same focus she showed when starting her business: "The idea of failure never crossed her mind. That's very critical to entrepreneurial success."

Former Hawkeye Golden Girl made mark on Miss America pageant (CNN, Jan. 30)
While the 23-year-old Diana Reed missed out on the Miss America crown, she made a mark in the competition. Reed, who served as the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA'S Hawkeye Golden Girl throughout college, won the pageant's preliminary talent award for her twirling routine and made it to the show's top 10. Last year, she won first place in a statewide business plan competition and was awarded $5,000 to put toward her studio, Diana's Golden Twirlers. In May, Reed graduated from the University of Iowa as the valedictorian of her undergraduate business program.

McCain, Clinton lead Iowa Electronic Markets (Financial Times, Jan. 30)
For the market, the U.S. presidential campaign is taking shape. Judging by trading on the IOWA ELECTRONIC MARKETS, John McCain's chances of being the Republican nominee are 76 percent. For the Democrats, Hillary Clinton's chances are put at 65 percent. Worryingly for Barack Obama, given that the market seems to have called the Republican race correctly, his futures failed to rise after his dramatic win in South Carolina.

UI study: age affects decision-making (International Herald-Tribune, Jan. 30)
For the especially unscrupulous con artist, the elderly are a tempting target. Now researchers have confirmed in the lab what frauds already knew instinctively: As they grow older, people -- even those who seem perfectly on top of things -- may have trouble making good decisions. NATALIE DENBURG of the University of Iowa led the study. The INTERNATIONAL HERALD-TRIBUNE is a New York Times Company paper sold in 180 countries.

Covington: Giuliani ignored established campaign strategies (CBS, Jan. 30)
Men with opposite campaign strategies in disparate parties chose the same solution Wednesday as a Democrat, former North Carolina Sen. John Edwards, and a Republican, former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani, dropped out of the presidential race. CARY COVINGTON, UI associate professor of political science, pointed out the differences, asserting that Edwards' campaign -- although it ultimately failed -- ran a smarter race that competed in early states. "Giuliani ignored clear evidence of at least the past 30 years of presidential-nomination contests and decided not to compete at the beginning, and, rather, to wait for a state where he thought he would do well," Covington said. This story originally appeared in THE DAILY IOWAN.

Van Allen conceived Explorer I package (LA Times, Jan. 30)
An opinion piece about the 50th anniversary of Explorer 1 notes, "Conceived by JAMES VAN ALLEN of the University of Iowa and built by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in La Canada Flintridge, Explorer 1 carried with it instruments to detect radiation in near space and to send data back to Earth... During a lifetime of space exploration, Van Allen participated in dozens of projects -- discovering, among other things, a moon circling Saturn.",0,5142100.story

Hay impresses at University of Arizona (Tucson Citizen, Jan. 30)
UI Research Vice President MEREDITH HAY took questions at a public forum as part of the provost selection process at the University of Arizona. "Hay was the first of three candidates vying for the University of Arizona's open provost slot to visit the campus for interviews, tours and a public forum," the story reports. "The vice president for research at the University of Iowa, Hay deftly answered a score of questions from audience members."

Gray makes flu recommendations (NewsRx, Jan. 30)
"Sensing the threat of an influenza pandemic, many countries are developing influenza pandemic prevention and control strategies," researchers report. "Such plans often focus efforts on detecting outbreaks and protecting leaders, health-care workers, and outbreak responders. Considering recent research, we argue that prevention plans should also include swine and poultry workers," wrote G.C. GRAY and colleagues at the University of Iowa. NewsRX originates in Georgia.

IEM is profiled (KABC, Jan. 29)
From the broadcast transcript: "While the presidential candidates are making their pitches for your vote, thousands of people are putting their own money on who they think will win. Professor JOYCE BERG is the director of the Iowa Electronic Markets run by researchers at the University of Iowa. Investors can wager from $5 to $500 to buy contracts on the presidential candidates, or the winner of the November election. 'A person who thought she was a shoo-in for the nominee would want to buy at that price. Buy low, sell high -- just like any other market,' said Berg."

Music machine hoax is back in the news (Newsweek, Jan. 29)
Sharon Begley writes, "Lots has been written about why people believe things that fit their worldview even when those things have been disproved time and again (Iraqi weapons of mass destruction, anyone?). But there is a more benign form of this pathology, in which people would rather believe a "good story" than know whether it's true or not. This hit me when a friend emailed a film clip of what purports to be a charming music machine, built at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. To me, it looked computer generated, and indeed about three seconds of searching showed that it was yet another urban legend."

DI investigated Wikipedia (American Journalism Review, Jan. 29)
Journalists are approaching Wikipedia with caution -- even college journalists. "The UNIVERSITY OF IOWA newspaper, the DAILY IOWAN, used the WikiScanner database to determine that thousands of Wikipedia entries had been made or modified by people using the campus computer network," the story reports. "Some involved obvious but harmless enough vandalism: 'Hawkeyes Rule' was inserted into text about the college's football stadium. ... Jason Brummond, editor in chief of the Daily Iowan, says he considers Wikipedia a good initial source, 'but you go from there to find what most people would consider a more reputable source.' Reporters in his newsroom generally understand that, he adds. Brummond thinks the age of the journalist doesn't necessarily have that much to do with accepting Wikipedia: 'It's more a personal awareness of how Wikipedia works.'"

Denburg: Elderly have harder time making good decisions (New York Times, Jan. 29)
Researchers have confirmed in the lab what frauds already knew instinctively: as they grow older, even people who seem perfectly on top of things may have trouble making good decisions. The researchers, led by NATALIE DENBURG of the University of Iowa, based their findings on a series of tests given to two groups of healthy people, one ages 26 to 55, the other 56 to 85. The goal was to see how well the older volunteers used the skills often demanded of them when making decisions in real life about activities like investments, insurance and estate planning. "Such decisions would be a challenge even for young adults," the researchers note in the current Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. But when age is taken into account, they said, along with the abundance of shady marketing schemes, the challenge becomes even greater.

Van Allen helped lead Explorer I team (New York Times, Jan. 29)
A story about Friday's 50th anniversary of the launch of Explorer I, America's first space satellite, notes that one of the principal scientists behind the craft was JAMES VAN ALLEN, a physicist at the University of Iowa.

Iowa opened first Writers' Workshop (Denver Post, Jan. 29)
A story about writers' workshops notes that the phrase "writers workshop" was coined at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, which germinated the nation's first creative-writing program and provided the prototype for hundreds of creative-writing programs in existence today. Its founder, poet Paul Engle, advocated nurturing writers -- providing a place where "the writer can be himself, confronting the hazards and hopes of his own talent." The poet and his program, however, pulled no punches necessary "to knock, or persuade, or terrify the false tenderness toward his own work out of the beginning writer."

Regents join UIHC CEO search committee (WCCO-TV, Jan. 29)
Two members of the Iowa Board of Regents will join a search committee to find the new head of UNIVERSITY OF IOWA Hospitals and Clinics. WCCO is based in Minneapolis.

Lost actor O'Quinn is UI alumnus (Cornwall Standard Freeholder, Jan. 29)
A story about actor Terry O'Quinn, who recently won an Emmy Award as best supporting actor for his work on the TV show "Lost," notes that he is a graduate of the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. The Standard Freeholder is published in Ontario.

Miss Iowa Reed is UI alumna (KXLT-TV, Jan. 29)
A story about Miss Iowa Diana Reed placing in the top 10 in this year's Miss America pageant notes she is an alumna of the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. KXLT is based in Rochester, Minn.

Alumna named nursing college dean (Portland Business Journal, Jan. 29)
Joanne Rains Warner was appointed dean of the University of Portland School of Nursing in Oregon. Warner earned her Master's degree in nursing from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA.

UI study finds African-American magazines promote fad diets (Philadelphia Inquirer, Jan. 29)
A new study concludes that magazines aimed at African American women are more likely than "mainstream" women's magazines to encourage fad diets and reliance on faith rather than proven fat-fighting strategies. The study by UNIVERSITY OF IOWA public health researchers looked at 406 fitness and nutrition articles published between 1984 and 2004 in three magazines that target blacks (Ebony, Essence and Jet) and three mainstream titles (Good Housekeeping, Better Homes and Gardens, and Ladies' Home Journal).

UI alumnus dies in Afghanistan (Chicago Tribune, Jan. 29)
A story about Rob Miller of Wheaton, Ill., who was killed in combat in Afghanistan last week, notes that he attended the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. A separate story on the same topic was published in the ARLINGTON HEIGHTS DAILY HERALD.,0,7893345.story

Poll shows Iowans had fun at caucus (Los Angeles Times, Jan. 28)
A new UNIVERSITY OF IOWA study proves that politics really can be fun. The study shows that 86 percent of Iowans who caucused back on Jan. 3 "had fun."

Review notes that Van Allen was space pioneer (The Space Review, Jan. 28)
A review of the book "William H. Pickering: America's Deep Space Pioneer," notes that Pickering was one of two men not widely known by the public who were instrumental in developing the U.S. space program. The other was JAMES VAN ALLEN, a physics professor at the University of Iowa. The Space Review is an online publication that covers a wide range of space-related topics.

UI is in accounting Top Ten (Financial Times, Jan. 28)
The TIPPIE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS at the UI ranks among the Top Ten accounting programs. The Financial Times is published in the UK.

Madsen studies farm fatalities (Wallaces Farmer, Jan. 28)
Seventy-nine workers suffered a traumatic death while working in Iowa during 2007, according to the Iowa Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation program, based at the University of Iowa College of Public Health. "Of the fatalities, 22 farmers lost their lives, 23 truckers died in fatal crashes, and over a dozen workers died at their industrial or commercial place of employment," says chief investigator MURRAY MADSEN. "Farmers accounted for approximately one-third of all traumatic work deaths in Iowa last year. This figure is similar to that of 2006."

Caldwell is Colts 'coach-in-waiting' (Indianapolis Star, Jan. 28)
alumnus Jimmy Caldwell is the "coach-in-waiting" for the Indianapolis Colts.

Landscape artist is UI alumnus (, Jan. 28)
Robert Kipniss, recognized as one of America's foremost landscape artists with works in many of the leading Modern Art Museums in the country, earned a BA and MFA from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA in 1954. Kipniss' works are held in the collections of the Whitney Museum of American Art, the British Museum and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Comic book artist attended UI (The Oregonian, Jan. 27)
Comic book artist Colleen Coover, one of the mainstays of Portland's Periscope Studios, studied art and theater at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA.

Poet Skellings attended Writers' Workshop (Florida Today, Jan. 27)
Edmund Skellings, Florida's poet laureate since 1980, is working to integrate poetry and technology. Although he is a pioneer in electronic poetry, his poems are simple and accessible - something he learned from Robert Frost at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA WRITERS' WORKSHOP.

Taiwan's education minister was UI alumnus (China Post, Jan. 27)
Wu Jin, who was president of National Cheng Kung University and education minister of Taiwan, holds a doctoral degree in mechanics and hydraulics from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA.

UI alumnus fights human trafficking (Cleburne Times Review, Jan. 27)
Dr. Alvin Matthews, who played football at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA while earning his degree, is working with the Institute on Religion and Public Policy on the problems of human trafficking. The Cleburne Times Review is published in Texas.

Van Allen helped launch U.S. space age (Daily Gazette, Jan. 27)
January 2008 is the 50th anniversary of the launch of Explorer 1, which carried a radiation detector prototyped by JAMES VAN ALLEN and his students at the University of Iowa. The Daily Gazette is published in Schenectady, N.Y.

Stegner biography is reviewed (Philadelphia Inquirer, Jan. 27)
Pulitzer Prize-winning author and environmentalist Wallace Stegner, a UNIVERSITY OF IOWA alumnus, is the subject of "Wallace Stegner and the American West." He took a job as a teaching assistant at the University of Iowa, arriving, author Philip L. Fradkin reports, just "as the country's oldest creative writing program for graduate students was being put into place."

Hamilton's papers are at the UI (Sanford Herald, Jan. 27)
Writer Ruth Hamilton's life (1898-2008) spanned three centuries. The majority of her writings and other personal artifacts are stored in the Iowa Women's Archives of the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA Libraries. The Sanford Herald is published in Florida.

Jones assesses Florida vote (Washington Post, Jan. 27)
There will be no "hanging chads" this time around in Florida. The punch-card voting that plagued the 2000 presidential election in the state is long gone. But with Florida's primary on Tuesday, some in the state are bracing for more potential ballot trouble because the new electronic touch-screen machines in much of the state have aroused doubts of their own. "The point is, these [touch-screen] machines don't maintain any records that would allow you to see whether voters were having difficulties," said DOUGLAS W. JONES, a professor of computer science at the University of Iowa who has studied the machines.

Hurka comments on Kalish memoir (Lawrence Journal World/AP, Jan. 27)
Commenting on the Mildred Kalish's Iowa depression memoir, "Little Heathens," Joseph Hurka, a writing professor at Tufts University and Emerson College in Boston, said people are turning to other periods for direction. "In a time of terror, there's a yearning to move back to some simplicity, something certain," he said. Hurka, a graduate of the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA WRITERS' WORKSHOP who has written a book on his father, said Kalish's book may remind people of lost values and a time when children and parents weren't alienated from one another. The Lawrence Journal World is published in Kansas.

Dilg's work is exhibited (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Jan. 27)
The art of University of Iowa School of Art and Art History faculty member JOHN DILG and alumnus Ann Pibal are being exhibited at a prominent gallery in St. Louis. Critic David Bonetti wrote, "Among local contemporary galleries, Jim Schmidt tends to have the best shows of out-of-town artists. In his current doubleheader, he is keeping up his reputation."

UK writer is wowed by Iowa (York Press, Jan. 26)
Journalist Sam Southgate of York, England, who was in Iowa to cover the political caucuses, wrote, "I stayed in Iowa City. Labeled by some 'the Athens of the Midwest', it is a cultured place, home to the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, whose Writers' Workshop can claim a dozen or so Pulitzer Prize-winners and Kurt Vonnegut as a former faculty member."

Kuo is UI alumnus (NW Asian Weekly, Jan. 26)
When Sherman Alexie won the National Book Award he singled out his former writing professor Alex Kuo as an influence. Kuo, of Chinese descent, had given the now-famous American Indian writer his first exposure to American Indian writing. Studying at a Master of Fine Arts program in the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, Kuo was involved in the exciting era of the'60s that marked the discovery of Asian American literature. "I was having late-night discussions in Iowa with the 'Gang of Four,'" joked Kuo, referring to Frank Chin, Shawn Wong, Lawson Inada and Jeffery Chan, his fellow MFA classmates who compiled the first Asian American anthology, "Aieee!"

UI cancer research cited (The Times, Jan. 26)
In answer to a health question posed by a writer, the paper responded, "Researchers at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA have found evidence of the cancer-forming strains of HPV in the mouths of nearly a quarter of the patients with head and neck cancer, but in only 10 percent of patients without these tumors." The Times is based in the UK.

Barkan comments on Kenya (Council on Foreign Relations, Jan. 25)
Political turmoil and violence have brought attention to the young democracy in Kenya, where the parliament has made efforts to fight corruption. In the past five years, it has made "enormous strides" in establishing a committee system, which includes oversight committees, says JOEL D. BARKAN, senior associate at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and professor emeritus of political science at the University of Iowa.

UI ALS advance reported (Science Daily, Jan. 25)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), often known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is the most common adult-onset motor neuron disease. Discovery of an unexpected protein-protein interaction has led UNIVERSITY OF IOWA scientists and colleagues to identify a drug that slows the progression of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) in mice and nearly doubles the animals' lifespan. The UI findings may lead to a treatment for some forms of ALS, and the research also reveals a biological mechanism that might represent a new drug target for ALS and other neurological diseases. Variations of this story are appearing in the WASHINGTON POST, FORBES, NY, U.S.NEWS & WORLD REPORT and numerous other publications internationally.

Redlawsk: Iowa caucus-goers have fun (Reno Gazette-Journal, Jan. 25)
Reacting to widespread frustration with a predominantly chaotic Nevada caucus, a leading state lawmaker said Monday that she will pursue legislation to return the state to a presidential primary election. This article shows how many caucus-goers in Nevada felt about caucusing, including people who were confused, frustrated or felt the process was too complicated or conflicted with other commitments. However, DAVID REDLAWSK, a political scientist at the University of Iowa, said a recent survey of voters who participated in the Iowa caucus this year found that the vast majority -- 85 percent -- had fun at their caucus.

Reed profiled as Miss America contender (Las Vegas Review-Journal, Jan. 25)
alumna Diana Reed is one of 52 contenders for the 2008 Miss America pageant profiled in an article that highlights information about each contestant's scholastic ambitions, hometown, platform issues and more.

UI press author comments on Pakistan (Counterpunch, Jan. 24)
Patrick Irelan, the author of "Central Standard: A Time, a Place, a Family" from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA PRESS, writes on the situation in Pakistan. Counterpunch is a political publication based in Petrolia, Calif.

Hay finalist for University of Arizona provost (Arizona Daily Star, Jan. 24)
The search for a new University of Arizona provost has narrowed to three finalists. UA President Robert Shelton announced Wednesday that the 27-member search committee has settled on three candidates, all top scholars and current administrators at major public research universities. The finalists are: MEREDITH HAY, vice president for research at the University of Iowa; Pramod P. Khargonekar, dean of the College of Engineering at the University of Florida; and Robert D. Newman, dean of humanities and associate vice president for interdisciplinary studies at the University of Utah. The ARIZONA DAILY STAR is based in Tucson.

Cyphert comments on Medicare patient surge (Post-Bulletin, Jan. 24)
The move to limit care for Medicare patients by the Mayo Clinic in Arizona could loom large for aging baby boomers if other major health providers follow suit. Other facilities also are facing a surge of Medicare patients, but they're not limiting who gets care, yet. At the University of Iowa, Medicare patients represent 30 percent of gross patient charges but only 23 percent of reimbursement, said STACEY CYPHERT, assistant vice president for health policy at UI. The POST-BULLETIN is based in Rochester, Minn.

UI student discusses sleep habits (Pioneer Press, Jan. 24)
, a University of Iowa student majoring in business and vocal performance, is quoted in a story about teens requiring nine to 10 hours of sleep per night. Stipanowith said he often felt tired in high school, when he got seven hours' sleep per night, but that he's getting more rest in college. "I perform a lot better and I retain more information," he said. "I get to choose my schedule, and if I have an early morning class, I can schedule time to take a nap." The PIONEER PRESS is based in St. Paul, Minn.,on-teensleep-012408-s1.article

UI's Engelhardt leads discovery that may help treat ALS (KSBY-TV, Jan. 24)
A drug that nearly doubles the life span of mice with inherited amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has been identified by University of Iowa researchers, who made the finding after discovering an unexpected reaction between proteins in the lab. The study results, published online Jan. 24 in The Journal of Clinical Investigation, may lead to treatments for some forms of ALS (also known as Lou Gehrig's disease), a fatal neurodegenerative disease that destroys motor nerve. Team leader JOHN ENGELHARDT, head of anatomy and cell biology at UI's Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, discusses the implications for this discovery. KSBY covers San Luis Obispo, Santa Maria and Santa Barbara, Calif.

IEM cited in article on reaction to French bank fraud (, Jan. 24)
The IOWA ELECTRONIC MARKETS was cited in this article, which explores the reaction to the recently uncovered French bank fraud. The IEM immediately traded at a level that indicates a decreased probability of a rate cut next week.

UI receives recycling bin grant (Euro Investor, UK, Jan. 23)
The UNIVERSITY OF IOWA is one of 76 organizations that received a grant to help fulfill the New Year's resolution to recycle more in 2008. The grant will help purchase recycling bins.

Merrill speaks at conference (The Scotsman, Jan. 23)
of the University of Iowa will be one of the three featured speakers at the international conference "Scotland's Place in the World," organized by the British Council Scotland.

UI studies Medicaid costs (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Jan. 23)
During the last 30 years more than 30 states have farmed out their Medicaid programs to for-profit companies. The idea was private business would operate the programs more efficiently. But health care experts at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA found Medicaid programs did not spend less or provide better care when the plan was administered by a private firm.

Denburg studies older adult's decision-making (eMaxHealth, Jan. 22)
Recent work led by University of Iowa neuroscientist NATALIE DENBURG suggests that for a significant number of older adults, measurable neuropsychological deficits do seem to lead to poor decision-making and an increased vulnerability to fraud.

UI students start recruiting early (Chicago Daily Herald, Jan. 21)
students visited suburban Chicago elementary schools as part of the Students to Assist Recruitment program.

Alumna earns points with Hawkeye credit card (Chronicle, Jan. 25)
Dena Sattler carries multiple credit cards, but when faced with the decision of which one to use at the checkout, more often than not she chooses the one emblazoned with the logo of the University of Iowa. As an alumna and football fan, she can earn points toward Hawkeye memorabilia to add to her collection. So far, she has cashed in credit-card points for two football helmets used in games. "Each one included a thank-you note from Iowa Athletic Director GARY BARTA, which was a nice touch," Sattler says.

Gfeller: music helps workout endurance (Detroit News, Jan. 22)
Fitness magazines and Web sites love to ask readers about their favorite workout music while presenting their playlists or suggestions from celebrities. The playlist fixation has a scientific basis: Studies have shown that listening to music during exercise can improve results, both in terms of being a motivator and as a distraction from negatives like fatigue. The compilations contain no pauses between songs. That unwavering beat allows a person to synchronize their movements to the music, something that KATE GFELLER, a music professor at the University of Iowa, said is crucial. "Music provides a timing cue," said Professor Gfeller, who after taking an aerobics class several years ago where the teacher picked music whose tempo didn't match the moves, was inspired to study the components of music most important to a gainful workout. "It helps you to move more efficiently, which, in turn, can help you with endurance."

UI fraternity closes after members' drug arrests (Chicago Tribune, Jan. 21)
A fraternity at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA has been closed by its national organization after several members were arrested on drug charges, officials said Monday. The Delta Upsilon International Fraternity reprimanded its UI chapter after an investigation showed its members violated fraternity and university policies.,0,6044483.story

Redlawsk: Iowans like caucus (Reno Gazette-Journal, Jan. 21)
Saying "it's just not Nevada" to get together with your neighbors to talk politics, a state legislator has introduced a bill to return Nevada to a presidential primary because of widespread frustration with the state's caucus system. Iowans, however, have a different take. DAVID REDLAWSK, a political scientist at the University of Iowa, said a recent survey of voters who participated in the Iowa caucus this year found the vast majority -- 85 percent -- had fun at their caucus. "It shocked me," he said. "And it didn't differentiate between Republicans and Democrats. They found it a fun and energizing experience."

Christensen comments on patients not taking meds (Modesto Bee, Jan. 21)
According to a recent report by the National Council on Patient Information and Education (NCPIE), only about half of patients take their medications as prescribed, and the longer someone is on a drug, the more likely he is to start skipping doses. The global cost of medication non-adherence (or noncompliance), as the doctors call it, is estimated at $177 billion a year, including indirect costs like lost productivity. It's not a problem ripe for a quick fix. The reasons for non-adherence are diverse, which means the solutions must be, too. "Medicine is not set up to worry about what happens when people leave the doctor's office," says ALAN CHRISTENSEN, a psychologist at the University of Iowa who has researched adherence.

Gronbeck: Internet is changing political campaigns (Khaleej Times, Jan. 21)
Having already revolutionized the way campaigns make money, (the Internet) is set to change how candidates get their messages out and take down rivals. Experts have compared it to the way that the emergence of TV and radio changed politics in the Twenties, when politicians realized these new media could be used for political purposes. "Society is reacting in the same way as it did to film, radio and TV. The science of communication simply cannot yet keep up with or predict the scale of the changes this will bring," says BRUCE GRONBECK, a communications professor at the University of Iowa. The Times is based in the United Arab Emirates. The story was also published on the Web site of the ARAB NEWS.

Johnson: Earmarks 'fly in the teeth' of federalism (Chicago Tribune, Jan. 20)
Thanks to a cut in its federal appropriation, the Fermilab nuclear research facility near Chicago may have to close. A story notes that researchers are frustrated that Congress and President Bush cut their appropriation while agreeing to billions of dollars in parochial, local projects with earmarks. "Earmarks fly in the teeth of any rational approach to federalism," said NICHOLAS JOHNSON, a former member of the Federal Communications Commission who now teaches at the University of Iowa law school. For years Johnson has fought, with some success, a proposed $50 million in federal funds earmarked to build an indoor rain forest in Iowa. "A lot of stuff that ought to be paid for with local or state funds gets federal earmarks," Johnson said. "It makes the U.S. Senate and House act as if they were a local city council.",0,1456861.story?track=rss

Workshop enlivens Iowa City literary scene (Columbus Dispatch, Jan. 20)
A story about independent bookstores worth traveling to notes that Iowa City's Prairie Lights book store is enlivened by the local literary scene, centered on the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA'S Writers' Workshop. The same story was published on the Web site of the LEXINGTON (Ky.) HERALD LEADER, TORONTO SUN, SEATTLE TIMES, CHICAGO TRIBUNE, MANILA BULLETIN, NORTH BAY (Ontario) NUGGET, MINNEAPOLIS STAR TRIBUNE, TIMMINS (Ontario) DAILY PRESS, INLAND EMPIRE ONLINE (Calif.), BUFFALO NEWS and other numerous other news organizations.

McMurray finds cause of toddler 'word spurt' (Manila Bulletin, Jan. 18)
It is called the "word spurt," that magical time when a toddler's vocabulary explodes, seemingly overnight. New research offers a decidedly un-magical explanation: Babies start really jabbering after they have mastered enough easy words to tackle more of the harder ones. It is essentially a snowball effect. That explanation, published in Friday's edition of the journal Science, is far simpler than scientists' assumptions that some special brain mechanisms must click to trigger the word boom. Instead, University of Iowa psychology professor BOB McMURRAY contends that what astonishes parents is actually the fairly guaranteed outcome of a lot of under-the-radar work by tots as they start their journey to learn 60,000 words by adulthood. If McMurray is right, it could have implications for parents bombarded with technology gimmicks that claim to boost language. He thinks simply talking and reading to a child a lot is the key.

Logson questions syphilis origins research (Science, Jan. 18)
This week in the journal PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, a team of researchers say syphilis originated as a milder, nonsexual disease in the New World, and it evolved into its current form after Europeans arrived. Among the evidence they offer is a mysterious disease restricted to an isolated tribe in a South American jungle. Its DNA, they argue, reveals that it is a kind of protosyphilis. JOHN LOGSDON, an evolutionary biologist at the University of Iowa in Iowa City, praises the research but doesn't think it offers definitive proof of where syphilis came from.

Author notes UI grades (Pioneer Local, Jan. 18)
In this story about attorney Laura Caldwell's new book "The Good Liar," the author says she has sold seven books -- all original paperbacks -- and she has a contract for three more by 2009. Caldwell adds that she got the worst grade of her college career at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA in creative writing. The newspaper is published in Chicago.,sl-book-011808-s1.article

Alumna's cow painting benefits Tippie College of Business (Agri News, Jan. 17)
Artist Valerie Miller didn't grow up on a farm, but wishes she had. She's the owner of Steel Cow Gallery in downtown Waukon and primarily uses cows as subjects for her paintings. Drive by her art gallery and you'll see something bright in the window: a painting of a Holstein surrounded by a vivid yellow background. Miller named the cow Tippie, in honor of the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA'S TIPPIE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS and its benefactor, Henry B. Tippie. As a 2003 marketing graduate of the college, Miller hopes the painting will benefit the school. She's selling 5,000 prints and donating 50 percent of each purchase to the Tippie College of Business Excellence Fund. AGRI NEWS is an independent agricultural newspaper published in Rochester, Minn.

UI study: moving often hurts wives' careers (, Jan. 17)
His job in the Air Force took them to North Dakota, Germany and New Jersey. Each move meant his career advanced while hers took a back seat. "It was very frustrating, absolutely," says Colette Atkins, 34, of Marion. "I wanted so much to pursue my career. Wanted so much to use my education. Yet I couldn't do that because of Rich's career." Even today, with a work force full of women and women often outnumbering men at college graduation ceremonies, Atkins' experience isn't at all uncommon, according to recent research by University of Iowa sociologist MARY NOONAN. In a study published in the journal Social Forces, Noonan found that, generally, when couples move, the husband's career gets a boost, while the wife's career suffers, even if she also works full time and is college educated. MILITARY.COM is an online news and information site for service members. The story originally appeared in The (Cedar Rapids) Gazette.,15240,160189,00.html

Gray describes bird flu impact on agriculture (Scientific American, Jan. 17)
So far, most of nearly 220 human deaths caused by the pathogenic H5N1 strain of bird flu have been traced to contact with poultry. And the strain has yet to arrive in North America. If a similar one were to emerge here, the result could be disastrous for industrial farm workers before anyone else, according to GREGORY GRAY, director of the University of Iowa's Center for Emerging Diseases.

Poe discusses accuracy of Wikipedia (National Public Radio, Jan. 16)
Wikipedia, the collaboratively edited online encyclopedia, launched seven years ago this week. It can be a valuable resource at times or a way to manipulate information about others. MARSHALL POE, associate professor of history in new media at the University of Iowa, is writing a book about online collaborative technology and wrote a history of Wikipedia in the Atlantic Monthly. Poe said he is generally a proponent of Wikipedia. "You do have to question everything you read on Wikipedia, but I think it's important to realize that you should scale your questions and the amount of skepticism you have," Poe said.

Officials want to ban alcohol at state park beaches (Chicago Tribune, Jan. 16)
Iowa state park officials want to ban alcohol at two popular state-park beaches, saying beer-drinking college students are driving away families. Officials with the Iowa Department of Natural Resources want to end drinking at Gull Point State Park at West Okoboji Lake and at Lake MacBride State Park near Iowa City. Lake McBride became a common spot for UNIVERSITY OF IOWA students after drinking was banned at the Coralville Reservoir years ago.,0,3298853.story

UI Press author comments in Clinton cookie story (New York Sun, Jan. 16)
After a few days of capping off meals with fruity desserts, I was craving chocolate. That's when I decided to try Hillary Clinton's oatmeal chocolate chip cookies. The butter-free recipe yielded five-dozen exceptionally chewy cookies. That Mrs. Clinton's cookie recipe, an entry in the recent Yankee magazine contest, has followed her from Family Circle to her presidential run is a sign of more than just a good dessert, a Miami University of Ohio professor who studies food and gender, Sherrie Inness, said. "We still have a culture in which home cooking is associated with the woman -- not the man," Ms. Inness, the author of "Dinner Roles: American Women and Culinary Culture" (UNIVERSITY OF IOWA PRESS), said. "You don't see Bill Clinton out there talking about his favorite recipes; if he did, it would seem more like a joke."

Study: brain changes make elderly more vulnerable (The Times of India, Jan. 16)

Some elderly adults may be more susceptible to fraud because of changes in their brain that affect judgment and decision-making, researchers said Tuesday. In a series of tests, they tried to identify common traits among seniors who had difficulty making decisions and spotting anything misleading to determine what makes them vulnerable to deception. "Our research suggests that elders who fall prey to fraudulent advertising are not simply gullible, depressed, lonely or less intelligent. Rather, it is truly more of a medical or neurological problem," said NATALIE DENBURG, a neuroscientist at the University of Iowa.

UI study examines medical mistakes (U.S. News and World Report, Jan. 15)
Almost two-thirds of doctors say they are willing to report medical errors, but many of them just don't do it, a new study finds. "The most important message seems to be that there is a gap between physicians' desire to report errors to improve performance over time and reporting of errors," said study author DR. LAURIS KALDJIAN, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine. His study of 338 doctors from teaching hospitals across the country is published in the Jan. 14 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine. The story also appeared in SCIENCE DAILY, FORBES and several other media Web sites.

UI study: brain changes make elderly vulnerable to fraud (Reuters, Jan. 15)
Some elderly adults may be more susceptible to fraud because of changes in their brains that affect judgment and decision-making, researchers said Tuesday. In a series of tests, researchers tried to identify common traits among seniors who had difficulty making decisions and spotting anything misleading to determine what makes them vulnerable to deception. "Our research suggests that elders who fall prey to fraudulent advertising are not simply gullible, depressed, lonely or less intelligent. Rather, it is truly more of a medical or neurological problem," said NATALIE DENBURG, a neuroscientist at the University of Iowa. "Our work sheds new light on this problem and perhaps may lead to a way to identify people at risk of being deceived." The study was also cited in a similar story by UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL, NATIONAL POST in Canada, YAHOO! NEWS and MSNBC.

Armstrong gives basketball clinic in Israel (Jerusalem Post, Jan. 15)
Former NBA All-Star and Chicago Bull BJ Armstrong was a high-school basketball star in his home state of Michigan before occupying the same role at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. Along with the program's coaches, Armstrong, the guest of the Peres Center for Peace, led a clinic to promote the Center's Twinned Basketball School program. The program, dedicated to promoting peace and friendship between its participants, pairs Israeli and Palestinian children together in athletics.

Culver notes UI in condition of state speech (Omaha World Herald, Jan. 15)
In his Condition of the State speech, Iowa Gov. Chet Culver noted legislation signed in the past year and "keeping the promises we made to the people who sent us here." Among these promises kept were lifting the ban on stem cell research and building a state of the art research facility at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA.

Children learn though music (Detroit News, Jan. 15)
If saying or shouting instructions to your toddler doesn't get him to listen, try singing what you want him to do. Many kids can process instructions better when they're set to a melody. You tend to sing words more slowly than you speak them and to repeat song phrases, giving toddlers more chances to hear directions, says KATE GFELLER, a professor of music therapy at the University of Iowa in Iowa City.

Adams comments on stroke treatment (Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, Jan. 15)
Because most patients don't recognize they are having a stroke early enough and because some hospitals still don't offer the drug t-PA, the vast majority of people who have strokes don't get the drug, said HAROLD ADAMS, a professor of medicine and director of the stroke program at the University of Iowa. One alternative is a near-infrared laser that could penetrate into stroke victims' brains and activate a substance inside their brain cells. Testing the treatment nationally, researchers hope to treat 660 stroke patients. "This (the laser treatment) would be a new type of protection," said Adams, who is not a part of the study. "It's kind of unorthodox." If further testing shows it is effective, it could substantially extend the window of treatment, he said.

Campo studies weight loss tips in women's magazines (UPI, Jan. 15)
Women's magazines may fall short in helping readers -- especially African-Americans -- lose weight, a U.S. study suggests. The study, published in Health Communication, found more than 83 percent of weight-loss stories focus on changing individual behavior and only 7 percent examine factors such as the availability or cost of healthy foods or fitness programs. "We blame individuals too much for circumstances that are not entirely within their control," study co-author SHELLY CAMPO of the University of Iowa in Iowa City said.

Campo: magazines place dieting burden on individuals (Ivanhoe, Jan. 15)
Researchers believe that both African-American magazines and mainstream magazines tend to place responsibility for weight loss on the individual, rather than examining environmental and economic factors that make weight loss difficult. "African-American magazines tend to embrace a mission of advocacy for the African-American community, but if you're not covering evidence-based weight-loss strategies, you're not really helping your community," SHELLY CAMPO, study author and assistant professor at the University of Iowa, was quoted saying.

Judge extends seal on UI assault case (Chicago Tribune, Jan. 15)
A Johnson County judge has extended the seal on search warrants in an investigation into an alleged sexual assault at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA.,0,2541176.story

Porter comments on Countrywide takeover (Wall Street Journal, Jan. 14)
, a bankruptcy-law professor at the University of Iowa who published an influential study on problems with claims made by mortgage companies in the bankruptcy system, said yesterday that Bank of America "needs to help Countrywide rebuild its technology" to overcome its "structural shortcomings," especially "now that judges are starting to lose confidence" in filings made by mortgage companies.

Lewis-Beck devises election prediction formula (Portfolio, Jan. 14)
A columnist writing about alternative forms of predicting election victories notes that MICHAEL LEWIS-BECK, of the University of Iowa, uses a formula that includes the president's approval rating in July of the election year, and a polling indicator that captures the electorate's feelings about non-economic issues.

UI to cut size of nursing program (, Jan. 14)
In an effort to address the nation's nursing faculty shortage, the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA will halve the size of its undergraduate nursing program and redirect those resources toward higher-level nursing education.

Erik Lie presents research on backdating (Washington Times, Jan. 13)
Reporting about the American Economics Association meeting, columnist Alfred Tella wrote, "Randall Heron of Indiana University and ERIK LIE of the University of Iowa investigated the extent of backdating of stock option grants to top executives. The authors estimated 13.6 percent of grants between 1996 and 2005 were backdated or manipulated, with the fraction 'highest for unscheduled at-the-money grants, and among firms that are small, operate in the tech sector, and have high stock price volatility.' They found that the 'incidence of backdating was more than halved as a result of the two-day filing requirement that took effect on Aug. 29, 2002, but it remains high for grants that are filed late.'"

Johnson book is reviewed (Gulfnews, Jan. 12)
"Tree of Smoke" by Denis Johnson, an alumnus and former faculty member of the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, is reviewed. Gulfnews is published in Dubai.

IEM one of oldest prediction markets (Bangor Daily News, Jan. 12)
An editorial states that prediction markets, although not well known among the public, are numerous and growing. One of the oldest is the IOWA ELECTRONIC MARKETS, run by the business school at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA and open to anyone. Traders can invest up to $500, buying and selling shares based on who they believe will win elections. The Bangor Daily News is published in Maine.

Reporter tried Iowa Electronic Markets (St. Petersburg Times, Jan. 12)
Scott Long began his column, "I haven't even made my first trade, and I may have already made the biggest investing blunder. No, not on NYSE. On IEM. The Iowa Electronic Markets is used by UNIVERSITY OF IOWA for teaching and research, but ordinary folks like you and me are welcome to invest up to $500 to buy and sell shares in presidential candidates, just as we'd buy and sell shares in companies." The St. Petersburg Times is published in Florida.

Jones assesses New Hampshire results (Counterpunch, Jan. 11)
Questions have been raised about the New Hampshire Democratic primary after the results were at variance with both advance and exit polls. "My suspicion is that nothing untoward happened here," says DOUG JONES, a professor of computer sciences at the University of Iowa and a member of the board of examiners that approved the use of the same Diebold optical scanning machines in Iowa. "But at the same time, the Diebold machines are vulnerable to viruses that can be spread through the machines by the PCMCIA memory cards, and there are other things that can go wrong too. I'd be much happier if they had a routine random audit procedure in New Hampshire." Counterpunch, a bi-weekly publication based in California, defines itself a "muckraking" publication that prints "stories that the corporate press never prints." This story is running widely on political blogs.

Iowa Electronic Markets was model for ag markets (Press & Dakotan, Jan. 11)
Predictive marketing is now being used in agriculture. "The UNIVERSITY OF IOWA proved to us several years ago the wisdom of numbers when making predictions," said Bill Towles of Farmetrics Prediction Market. "In an election market, they showed how more accurate a prediction was when the right people were involved in making the guesses." The Press & Dakotan is published in Yangton, S.D.

UI Writers' Workshop helps Prairie Lights make list (USA Today, Jan. 10)
When is a bookstore worth a tourist's time? When it's more than just a place to buy books. A destination bookstore can make you feel like you're part of the community, whether you're grooving on the laid-back vibe at Powell's in Portland, or tuning into the Beltway buzz at Washington's Politics and Prose. Prairie Lights Bookstore in Iowa City was one of nine featured in this article. Thanks to the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA'S famed WRITERS' WORKSHOP, which has given Iowa City a vibrant literary scene, you never know who you're going to see at a Prairie Lights event. This ASSOCIATED PRESS article was also published in SEATTLE TIMES, METRONEWS, POUGHKEEPSIE JOURNAL and many other media outlets.

Covington: independent voters impact Obama standing (L'Independant, Jan. 10)
University of Iowa political science professor CARY COVINGTON comments on the impact of independent voters for Sen. Barack Obama in the New Hampshire primary. L'INDEPENDANT is based in France.

Covington comments on New Hampshire primaries (La Prensa, Jan. 9)
University of Iowa political science professor CARY COVINGTON comments on the New Hampshire primaries and candidate performance, especially on Sen. Barack Obama's performance. LA PRENSA is published in Honduras.

Writer describes account of Iowa caucuses (Newcity Chicago, Jan. 9)
In this first-person feature, Brian Hieggelke writes: "Pundit hands have been wringing over the question of whether an expected surge in first-time Iowa Caucus participants would be offset by the much-earlier-than-normal timing: January 3, just after the holidays and long before college students returned from winter break. Barack Obama had made a point of reaching out to students, asking them to come back early to caucus, and the call came the day before: my son and three of his pals from Chicago, now all freshmen at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, wanted to go, and could I rent a car and drive?" NEWCITY CHICAGO is an alternative weekly magazine.

Gfeller: music helps workout endurance (New York Times, Jan. 10)
Fitness magazines and Web sites love to ask readers about their favorite workout music while presenting their playlists or suggestions from celebrities. The playlist fixation has a scientific basis: Studies have shown that listening to music during exercise can improve results, both in terms of being a motivator and as a distraction from negatives like fatigue. The compilations contain no pauses between songs. That unwavering beat allows a person to synchronize their movements to the music, something that KATE GFELLER, a music professor at the University of Iowa, said is crucial. "Music provides a timing cue," said Professor Gfeller, who after taking an aerobics class several years ago where the teacher picked music whose tempo didn't match the moves, was inspired to study the components of music most important to a gainful workout. "It helps you to move more efficiently, which, in turn, can help you with endurance."

N.H. benefits Iowa Electronic Markets investors with Clinton contracts (New York Times, Jan. 10)
Hillary Rodham Clinton's big win in New Hampshire has already made some investors happy -- those who have bought "futures contracts" in Mrs. Clinton in the IOWA ELECTRONIC MARKETS. Started in 1988, the electronic trading market is a real market using real money in which investors -- some 2,000 people from around the world -- put up as much as $500 to buy futures contracts in each of the Democratic and Republican candidates. It's pretty much the same way that cattle, hog and financial futures are traded in the pits of Chicago commodity exchanges. In this case, any financial gains will be distributed -- and losses taken -- on the day of each party's nominating convention.

Rietz notes Iowa Electronic Markets' track record (Chicago Tribune, Jan. 10)
Tribune columnist Bill Barnhart writes, "The New Hampshire primary was a reminder that prediction markets, where bettors are putting money on the line, can have no more value than opinion polls, where participation costs nothing. Nonetheless, prediction markets make a good case. Professors at the University of Iowa who operate the Iowa Electronic Markets recently reported that since 1988 their markets beat 964 presidential election opinion polls 74 percent of the time. Moreover, superior results of the Iowa markets versus polls were evident more than 100 days before elections, said Iowa finance professor THOMAS RIETZ.",0,5363756.story

Writers' Workshop adds to Prairie Lights' charm (Tampa Bay Online, Jan. 10)
A feature on destination bookstores features Prairie Lights, 15 S. Dubuque St., Iowa City, Iowa. Thanks to the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA'S famed WRITERS' WORKSHOP, which has given Iowa City a vibrant literary scene, you never know who you're going to see at a Prairie Lights event. Could be a Nobel laureate like J.M. Coetzee; writer Michael Pollan promoting his new best-seller, "In Defense of Food," or even a presidential candidate like John Edwards, who was in town for the caucuses. "Right place, right time," said Jim Harris, the store owner, when asked to explain how the store has attracted so many bigwigs over the years -- from Raymond Carver to Toni Morrison to Junot Diaz. Store events also air on WSUI, a National Public Radio affiliate.

UI developed Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (Salt Lake Tribune, Jan. 10)
The Iowa Tests of Basic Skills, developed by UNIVERSITY OF IOWA faculty and administrators, examine students' skills in reading, language, math, social studies and science and compare students to a national average. All Utah third-, fifth- and eighth-graders took the tests.

Student bodies in Iowa outnumber N.H. counterparts (Huffington Post, Jan. 9)
The conventional wisdom today about the results of the New Hampshire Democratic primary does not take into account the complexity of the multiple forces at play. There were at least five factors influencing the outcome in Hillary Clinton's unexpected victory here on Tuesday: the so-called "Bradley effect;" the different ways in which primaries and caucuses filter voters; the geographical distribution of the turnout increase in New Hampshire between 2004 and 2008; a shifting gender gap; and the greater number of young voters and college students in Iowa than in N.H. There are substantially fewer young and student voters in New Hampshire than in Iowa -- 22 percent of Democratic Iowa caucus goers were under the age of 30, compared to 18 percent of New Hampshire primary voters. Stanford political scientist David Brady points out that the student bodies at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, Iowa State University and the University of Northern Iowa far outnumber their New Hampshire counterparts.

UI studies mileage tax (EcoGeek, Jan. 9)
The UNIVERSITY OF IOWA is studying a plan to separate the funding of highways from the price of gasoline and, instead, charge people per mile they drive. EcoGeek originates in Montana.

Gurnett's 'space sounds' featured in NASA-sponsored concert (Wired, Jan. 8)
What do you get when the sounds of space collide with a string quartet? A far-out multimedia production called "Sun Rings." In 2002, NASA and other sponsors commissioned minimalist composer Terry Riley and the Kronos Quartet to create a performance using the space sounds collected by University of Iowa researcher DONALD A. GURNETT. Deep-space lightning, crackling solar winds, and other cosmic events harmonize with Riley's music, along with the visual aids of Willie Williams. This meteor of sound hits the Bay Area on January 18 at Stanford University.

Blog cites Iowa Electronic Markets (Financial Times, Jan. 8)
Futures prices on the IOWA ELECTRONIC MARKETS suggest that Hillary Clinton's chances of winning the Democratic nomination have been halved since Iowa, while no Republican has as good as a 40 percent chance of being nominated.

Rietz comments on market movements (MSNBC, Jan. 8)
The past few days have seen a dramatic shift in the online political markets, where traders put down money to predict which candidates will prevail in the primary season. University of Iowa economist TOM RIETZ, a member of the IOWA ELECTRONIC MARKETS' steering committee, said the big role played by the early primaries isn't surprising. "As they resolve uncertainty, they'll move the market one way or the other."

Iowa Electronic Markets flip cited (InformationWeek, Jan. 8)
At the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, the IOWA ELECTRONIC MARKETS have undergone a flip since the outcome of the Jan. 3 Democratic caucuses. The markets had shown Clinton likely to be the eventual Democratic nominee by a 2-1 margin at the end of last year. After the caucuses, they started showing Obama as the likely nominee, and now have him up by a 2-1 margin. This story appeared on the online version of InformationWeek a weekly print magazine that reaches 440,000 Business Technology professionals at more than a quarter million unique locations. [EDITOR'S NOTE: The IEM numbers have changed significantly since this story was reported and following Tuesday's New Hampshire primaries. For the latest trading figures, visit ]

Book on SDS cites UI (San Francisco Chronicle, Jan. 8)
A review of "Students for a Democratic Society: A Graphic History" notes that in 1969 UNIVERSITY OF IOWA officials debated whether SDS qualified as a campus organization.

Book analyzes Iowa Electronic Markets results (Wall Street Journal, Jan. 8)
A comprehensive analysis of the prediction markets run by the University of Iowa is available in "Results from a Dozen Years of Election Futures Markets Research," by JOYCE BERG, ROBERT FORSYTHE, FORREST NELSON and THOMAS RIETZ.

UI researches breast cancer (Science Centric, Jan. 8)
Breast cancer risk varies widely among women who are carriers of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, according to a new study published in the Jan. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. Researchers at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA contributed to the study. Science Centric originates in Bulgaria.

Mystery writer will become embedded reporter (Post-Bulletin, Jan. 8)
Best-selling mystery author John Sandford has a new assignment -- reporting from Iraq. Sandford, known for his "Prey" series of detective thrillers featuring stylish cop Lucas Davenport, also has sponsored archaeological digs in Israel. He said he would also like to do some stories on looting at ancient sites around Babylon. He has a master's degree in journalism from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. This AP story is appearing widely, particularly in Minnesota.

Bezanson: Clemens faces higher standard (The Sports Network, Jan. 8)
As a public figure, Roger Clemens must meet a higher standard to prove defamation in court than an ordinary citizen would. Clemens filed a lawsuit late Sunday against former trainer Brian McNamee, who told baseball investigator George Mitchell that he injected the pitcher with steroids and human growth hormone. Clemens could face several legal hurdles if the case went to trial, said RANDALL BEZANSON, a law professor at the University of Iowa who has written extensively on defamation law. In addition to the public figure argument, McNamee's lawyers could contend that his statements didn't qualify as defamation, Bezanson said. "It could be claimed under common law used in many states that it's privileged because it's part of the government record," he said. The Sports Network is based in Canada. The same story appeared on the Web site of the BOULDER (Col.) DAILY CAMERA.

Workshop gives Iowa City vibrant literary scene (KTVB-TV, Jan. 8)
A story about destination bookstores includes Prairie Lights Books and notes the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA's famed Iowa Writers' Workshop has given Iowa City a vibrant literary scene. KTVB is based in Idaho. The story also appeared on the Web site of the SACRAMENTO BEE, SAN LUIS OBISPO (Calif.) TRIBUNE and YAHOO NEWS.

Iowa Electronic Markets investors now favor Obama (LA Biz, Jan. 8)
A story about today's New Hampshire primary notes that the Iowa Electronic Markets, run by the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA's business school, now gives Barack Obama a 66 percent chance of winning the Democratic nomination. LA Biz is part of LA Observed, an online journal in Los Angeles.

Barkan: Kenyan crisis solution possible (Voice of America, Jan. 7)
Professor JOEL BARKAN of the University of Iowa, who is also an analyst for the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C., told VOA English that a solution to the ongoing crisis in Kenya can be worked out. "A political solution is always possible, particularly when the crisis is the result of a very close election between two protagonists, who know each other well and should be able to work out a deal," he says.

Obama contract price leading Iowa Electronic Markets (Bloomberg, Jan. 7)
A story about the New Hampshire primary notes that as of Monday afternoon, the day before voting began, investors on the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA's Iowa Electronic Market said Barack Obama had a 66 percent probability of winning the Democratic Party's nomination.

Field advises radon ventilation (Chicago Daily Herald, Jan. 7)
Poor indoor air quality can affect health. One of the risks is radon. "You may need to install a ventilation system," says R. WILLIAM FIELD, professor of occupational and environmental health at the University of Iowa. "Or it could be as simple as sealing cracks or areas where pipes enter the home."

Sparks discusses effects of research ban (Omaha World Herald, Jan. 7)
AMY SPARKS, a research scientist at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, said many Iowans believed that a stem cell research ban made the state unattractive to researchers. It left them wondering, Sparks said, whether Iowa was a state that encouraged or discouraged cutting-edge science. Sparks said the law played a small part in Mary J.C. Hendrix's 2004 departure from Iowa. Hendrix, who was deputy director of the Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center at the UI, moved to Northwestern University in Illinois, where she is president and scientific director of Children's Memorial Research Center.

Waters won Iowa fiction award (Reno Gazette-Journal, Jan. 6)
Nevada writer Don Waters is the recipient of the 2007 Iowa Short Fiction Award for "Desert Gothic," published by the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA PRESS.

Friday class push discussed (Wall Street Journal, Jan. 6)
UNIVERSITY OF IOWA officials are so concerned about binge drinking among students, they're offering departments extra funds to hold more classes on Fridays. The spur for that? A study that found early Friday classes reduced heavy drinking the night before.

UI polls cited (Chicago Tribune, Jan. 6)
polls showed that 57 percent of Iowa voters favored earned citizenship for the undocumented and only 23 percent favored deportation.,1,1842276.story

Van Allen launched Space Age (ITWire, Jan. 6)
The month of January 1958 was very busy for the pioneers that began space exploration for the United States. Explorer-1 lifted off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on Jan. 31, 1958 -- the beginning of the U.S. Space Age. In charge of the design and construction of the scientific instrumentation aboard the satellite was Dr. JAMES VAN ALLEN of the University of Iowa. ITWire originates in Australia.

Lawsuit filed (Arizona Daily Star, Jan. 6)
The Iowa City Press Citizen has filed a lawsuit against the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, seeking access to records in a sexual-assault investigation.

Hoskote attended International Writing Program (e-flux, Jan. 6)
Indian writer and critic Ranjit Hoskote, who attended the INTERNATIONAL WRITING PROGRAM at the University of Iowa, will be part of the curatorial team for the 7th Gwangju Biennale. E-flux originates in South Korea.

Shroff studies obesity consequences (San Diego Union/Reuters, Jan. 5)
Relatively young women who are obese and who have polycystic ovarian syndrome are at increased risk of developing coronary atherosclerosis, also referred to as "hardening of the arteries," which is unrelated to other known risk factors for heart disease, a new study shows. "These findings underscore the need to screen and aggressively counsel and treat these women to prevent symptomatic cardiovascular disease," Dr. RUPAL SHROFF and colleagues from the University of Iowa, Iowa City, conclude in their report, published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Redlawsk comments on caucuses (Prospect Magazine, Jan. 5)
The Iowa caucuses have proven themselves as hard to kill as Dracula. According to DAVE REDLAWSK, a University of Iowa political scientist, it could be done. But it would require legislation, or consensus among 48 states (not including Iowa or New Hampshire) and 96 state parties. Legislation, he suspects, would be ruled unconstitutional.Consensus on a different system has been as elusive as peace in the Middle East. Meanwhile, he notes, there's something to be said for keeping at least one place where real candidates have to meet real voters, and Iowans have 36 years' experience. Prospect Magazine is published in the UK.

Columnist writes about UI diversity (Battle Creek Enquirer, Jan. 5)
Columnist Susan J. Demas, who says she was a UNIVERSITY OF IOWA freshman in the 1990s, writes: "One of the first things transplants learn about Iowa City -- which trumpets itself as the mecca of the Midwest -- is that it's not like the rest of the Hawkeye State.” She says while Iowa is 95 percent white, Iowa City is more diverse. She writes, “So am I surprised that Iowans fell in love with Barack Obama on Thursday? In a word, no." The Battle Creek Enquirer is published in Michigan.
McLeod owns 'freedom of expression' (Toronto Star, Jan. 5)
The phrase, "freedom of expression," is owned by a University of Iowa communications professor named KEMBREW MCLEOD. He took out the trademark to prove an ironic point. Language and culture in our modern world are defined as intellectual property. Like all property, they can be bought and sold.

Redlawsk comments on caucus turnout (Argus Leader, Jan. 5)
A key element of Barack Obama's eight-point victory in the Iowa caucuses was the ability to deliver voters to gymnasiums and living rooms on a cold Iowa night. "No one in their wildest dreams expected 240,000," says DAVE REDLAWSK, an associate professor of political science at the University of Iowa. The Argus Leader is published in Sioux Falls, SD.

Hagle discusses Romney prospects (Deseret Morning News, Jan. 5)
, a political science professor at the University of Iowa, said another second-place finish for Mitt Romney in New Hampshire could cost him the next key vote in Michigan on Jan. 15. Romney grew up in Michigan and his father, George, was a popular governor there. "This means more work for the Romney campaign down the road," Hagle said. The Deseret Morning News is published in Utah.,5143,695241521,00.html

Hagle comments on Paul fundraising (Dallas Morning News, Jan. 4)
A zealous band of supporters has helped propel Texas congressman Ron Paul to the front of the Republican presidential pack, at least in fundraising. But money hasn't translated into support for the small-government, anti-war candidate. "The first thing I thought of was 'President Dean,'" said University of Iowa political science professor TIM HAGLE. "Here was a candidate who raised a ton of money over the Internet [in 2004], then when it came to caucus night, nothing. I just don't think he's got the organization despite all the money."

Redlawsk explained caucuses (Huffington Post, Jan. 4)
Mayhill Fowler wrote, "Over Thanksgiving weekend I had interviewed DAVID REDLAWSK, an associate professor of political science at the University of Iowa and an experienced caucus leader, for an OffTheBus piece written by Chase Martyn of the Iowa Independent. As a teacher, Redlawsk was able to show me exactly how caucus works. I learned, for example, the importance of the crucial moment when the number to the right of a percentage decimal point comes into play, either to take away a delegate from a candidate or to award an extra one. At this moment in precinct 8, the John Edwards and Barack Obama captains would seal their bargain. Since I knew from Redlawsk that the caucus leader has the power to evict press and observers if the room grows too crowded, or not to allow outsiders in the first place, and since I was determined to observe a caucus, I asked Redlawsk to attend his. Graciously, he said yes. Neither of us knew what a chaotic evening awaited us..."

Steinberg calls Iowa 'bellwether state' (The Scotsman, Jan. 4)
Barack Obama's win in the Iowa caucuses was historic. "This is a bellwether state," ALLEN STEINBERG, professor of history at the University of Iowa, said. "It is representative of the nation as a whole. There's a generational shift taking place. Young people are really concerned. It's a big deal what happened last night, unprecedented in American history."

Redlawsk comments on candidate spouses (Deccan Herald, Jan. 4)
, who teaches political science at the University of Iowa, said that polls showed that most people do not vote for a candidate based on that person's spouse, although that might be different this year in the case of Hilary Clinton. But generally, he said, the spouses might as well say what they want. "It might get folks up in arms," he said, "but it also gets media attention." The Deccan Herald is published in India.

Young voters carried Obama (MTV, Jan. 4)
The story reports: "In this era, there exists the sentiment that youth are apathetic, that they don't care about politics, and that they won't get out to vote. On Thursday night, the victory of Senator Barack Obama in Iowa's Democratic caucus gave us our first clue that perhaps that sentiment no longer rings true."

Hemley appears at Bennington (College News, Jan. 4)
, director of the UI Nonfiction Writing Program, will be one of the featured writers at the Bennington Writing Seminars. College News originates in Maryland.

IEM investors favored Clinton (NewsMax, Jan. 4)
Before the Iowa caucuses, a futures market conducted by the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA had Hillary Clinton the likely Democratic nominee, with her shares selling for 63.3 cents compared to Barack Obama's 24.4 cents. NewsMax originates in Florida.

Hagle assesses Huckabee appeal (Dallas Morning News, Jan. 4)
Mike Huckabee's strong showing in Iowa shows he can perform well in states with huge pockets of evangelicals. It remains to be seen, however, if Huckabee has the resources and message to win in New Hampshire and other states according the TIM HAGLE of the University of Iowa. "He has work to do," Hagle said. "But it's clear that there are voters who like his approach."

Covington calls Edwards 'long shot' (Denver Post, Jan. 4)
Most political experts said Iowa was a must win for John Edwards, who has essentially been campaigning here for three years. "Given the compressed schedule and the fact that he has to rely on public financing, Edwards is a long shot," said CARY COVINGTON, a political science professor at the University of Iowa.

Covington: Dems satisfied with candidates (Los Angeles Times, Jan. 4)
The large Democratic caucus turnout numbers indicate that "the Democrats are basically satisfied with their choices and comfortable supporting one, two, three or even four candidates," said CARY COVINGTON, a University of Iowa political analyst.,1,7169010.story?coll=la-news-a_section

Obama dominated in college towns, including UI (Boston Globe, Jan. 4)
The twin victories of Republican Mike Huckabee and Democrat Barack Obama, who positioned themselves as outsiders challenging their party's establishment, upended political wisdom about the Iowa caucuses by targeting and winning the votes of first-time caucus-goers. But the profile of those new voters varied dramatically, according to entrance polls conducted by the National Election Poll and reported by the Associated Press. The polls indicate Obama, the 45-year-old senator from Illinois, relied on young voters among the record number Democrats who participated in the caucuses -- many of them self-described independents. Clinton drew 45 percent of voters age 65 and older, nearly three times as many as Obama and more than twice as many as John Edwards, the former senator from North Carolina. Still, Obama dominated Iowa's college towns, including Johnson County, home to the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA.

Squire: Obama generated more excitement than Clinton (Macon Daily, Jan. 4)
In Iowa, change appeared to come out on top. Young people flocked to Barack Obama's camp in droves, compared to older Iowans who forged the base of Hilary Clinton's support. "I think Obama was able to generate some excitement about his candidacy that Clinton could just not generate and Obama's sort of promise of something different was a little bit better than Clinton's focus on experience," said PEVERILL SQUIRE, a visiting political science professor at the University of Iowa. This REUTERS story appeared in MACON DAILY.COM, an online newspaper published in Macon, Ga. as well as YAHOO UK & IRELAND and THE NEW ZEALAND HERALD.

Hagle: Huckabee faces challenges ahead (WFAA-TV, Jan. 4)
Barack Obama and Mike Huckabee rearranged the landscape of the presidential race Thursday with stunning victories in the Iowa caucuses. Today, the campaign moves on to New Hampshire, where the two candidates running as outsiders will try to turn their victories into momentum for the rest of the early primaries. On the GOP side, Huckabee is now a clear front-runner, though challenges are ahead. "He has work to do," said TIM HAGLE, a political science professor at the University of Iowa. "But it's clear that there are voters who like his approach." WFAA Channel 8 television is based in Dallas, Texas.

IEM predicts Clinton win (, Jan. 3)
The IOWA ELECTRONIC MARKETS, a futures trading market experiment at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, predicts Hillary Clinton will be the eventual Democratic nominee and win the U.S. presidency. is a non-political, non-governmental and non-commercial portal that provides Moldova's and international news. The story originated with United Press International.

Squire comments on Obama excitement (New Zealand Herald, Jan. 3)
Young people in Iowa flocked to Barack Obama's camp in droves, compared to older Iowans who forged the base of Hillary Clinton's support. "I think Obama was able to generate some excitement about his candidacy that Clinton could just not generate and Obama's sort of promise of something different was a little bit better than Clinton's focus on experience," said PEVERILL SQUIRE, a visiting political science professor at the University of Iowa.

Redlawsk: social conservatives stick with Huckabee (The Morning News, Jan. 3)
Iowa Republicans chose Mike Huckabee as their pick for president Thursday, selecting an Arkansas social conservative with scarce resources over a well-heeled opponent who attacked him relentlessly in recent weeks. Despite a shoestring budget and a nearly nonexistent national organization, his support coalesced in Iowa with grassroots help from pastors and home-schoolers. "My sense is that, despite the beating that [Mitt] Romney gave him, social conservatives in Iowa stuck with Huckabee," said DAVID REDLAWSK, a University of Iowa political science professor. THE MORNING NEWS is published in Rogers, Ark.

Iowa Electronic Markets predicts winners, losers (InformationWeek, Jan. 3)
Based on its results so far, no matter how well Barack Obama does in the Iowa caucuses on Thursday, Hillary Clinton is still going to be the Democratic nominee. The Des Moines Register poll showed Obama leading Clinton on the eve of the Iowa party caucuses by a margin of 32 percent to 25 percent on Wednesday. But the IOWA ELECTRONIC MARKETS at the University of Iowa makes a different prediction. Shares on Clinton as of midnight Tuesday, the most recent available, were worth 63.3 cents, or more than twice as much as those on Obama, worth 24.4 cents.

UI future trading market predicts political winners (Post Chronicle, Jan. 3)
A futures trading market experiment at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA predicts Hillary Clinton will be the eventual Democratic nominee and win the U.S. presidency. The Des Moines Register poll may show Illinois Sen. Barack Obama leading the New York senator, but the Iowa Electronic Markets says shares on Clinton were worth 63.3 cents, more than twice that of Obama, worth 24.4 cents, Information Week reported Thursday. The POST CHRONICLE's main office is located in Denville, N.J.

UI Writers' Workshop participants flunk candidates (Huffington Post, Jan. 3)
The problem with courting the academic vote is that caucus-goers may not only criticize you, but use very big words to do it. "Obama's speeches aren't enough like The Battle Hymn of the Republic," said ANNA HUNTER, a novelist at the University of Iowa Writers' Workshop. She and some other graduate students were having a reunion of sorts at George's Bar last night after returning from break just in time to caucus. "There's a sort of pusillanimous quality to that song that's anathema to Democrats and their aversion to negative campaigning. They have no sense of righteous anger."

Redlawsk: gap between parties on immigration (, Jan. 3)
Hispanics still make up only 3.8 percent of Iowa's population of 2.9 million, but their place in the life of the state -- against the backdrop of the national debate over immigration -- has given their presence an outsized importance in this presidential campaign. A recent poll by the University of Iowa ranked immigration the fourth-most important issue among Republican caucus-goers, right behind terrorism, the economy and the war in Iraq. Among Democrats polled, immigration ranked seventh among hot-button issues. DAVID REDLAWSK, a political science professor and director of the University of Iowa Hawkeye Poll, said the gap between Republican and Democratic voters regarding immigration may be due in part to candidate rhetoric. This CHICAGO TRIBUNE article was published in HISPANICBUSINESS.COM, a publication focusing on the Hispanic community.

Redlawsk quoted in caucus stories (Pravda, Jan. 2-3)
, associate professor of political science at the University of Iowa, was quoted in two stories published in the Slovak-language daily newspaper PRAVDA, based in Bratislava, the capital city of the Slovak Republic. One story focused on the compressed primary schedule, while the other explained the process of the Iowa Caucuses.
Jan. 2 story (Page 7):
Jan. 3 story (Page 10):

Squire, UI community comment on caucuses (BBC Mundo, Jan. 2)
University of Iowa visiting political science professor PEVERILL SQUIRE shares insights about the Iowa caucuses. Several members of the UI community were also featured in audio and video news segments. BBC MUNDO is published in Spanish.

Gronbeck discusses caucus strategy (TIME, Jan. 3)
BRUCE GRONBECK, a communication studies professor at the University of Iowa, is quoted in a story about caucus psychology. Once the weaker candidates are knocked out, "the serious group persuasion begins, where caucus-attendees who are not in groups large enough to be viable are courted," says Gronbeck, co-editor of the book "Presidential Campaigns and American Self Images.",8599,1699197,00.html?xid=rss-nation

Osborn: targeted appeals smart for Clinton, Obama (The Scotsman, Jan. 3)
The Clinton campaign is appealing to women attending their first political nominating caucus, while the Obama campaign seeks new young voters. TRACY OSBORN, a political science expert at the University of Iowa, said, "It's a smart angle by both of those campaigns. Barack Obama could bring in minority voters and younger voters and Hillary Clinton is likely to bring in women voters, and typically those are groups that don't participate in a caucus." THE SCOTSMAN is based in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Covington: Giuliani may finish fifth or sixth (Miami Herald, Jan. 3)
Reflecting Florida's newfound clout in the primary season, Giuliani has made 25 trips to the state, tied with New Hampshire. He has more staff in Florida than any other state. But few candidates have successfully bucked Iowa, which has held the nation's first caucuses since 1972. A slow start typically saps a candidate's momentum and fundraising. "Rudy Giuliani is looking at finishing fifth or sixth, not having put up much of a race here, and he'll have to buck a pretty robust historical trend that says he'll have a hard time recovering," said CARY COVINGTON, a political science professor at the University of Iowa.

Squire comments on 'lower tier' candidates (L.A. Times, Jan. 3)
What do Bill Richardson, Joseph Biden and Christopher Dodd have in common? If only one of them were running for the Democratic presidential nomination, it might be a different-looking race. "Had only one of them run, it probably would have given that candidate a better chance to break into the top tier of candidates," said PEVERILL SQUIRE, a University of Iowa political analyst. But given the "built-in advantage based on celebrity" that Clinton and Obama have, and the fact that Edwards placed second in the 2004 caucuses, it's unclear how high one of the other three could have risen, he said.,1,4290955.story?coll=la-politics-campaign&ctrack=1&cset=true

Gronbeck: Iowa a 'signal for voters' nationwide (Dallas Morning News, Jan. 3)
While Iowa's tiny delegate pool adds little to the overall tally needed to win party nominations, success in the state generates media attention, campaign cash and the political momentum for upcoming elections, including Tuesday's New Hampshire primaries. Knowing this, candidates are willing to make one last trip to the pig farm if it means winning the caucus. "It's now a matter of who you get out and who can convince their people to come out in the cold," said BRUCE GRONBECK, a professor of communications studies at the University of Iowa. "Given the sheer amount of national coverage, Iowa is a signal for voters across the country."

Campaign workers learn to distinguish UI, ISU (Washington Post, Jan. 3)
Iowa, which surely is the political term for "heartland," is a warm temporary home for hundreds of young campaign workers from New Jersey and Massachusetts, Nebraska and Colorado. They camp out for months, studying the terrain and the traditions. Staffers in union towns know not to drive foreign cars. Workers in Ames learn never to confuse Iowa State with the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. Cyclones and Hawkeyes don't mix.

UI student likes Huckabee's 'fair tax' (Wall Street Journal, Jan. 3)
One of Mr. Huckabee's chief economic promises is the "fair tax," a national sales tax that would replace the income tax, and with it all the breaks in the tax code that corporations jealously guard. Conservative and liberal critics alike argue that such a tax would have to be higher than Mr. Huckabee suggests to raise enough revenue, and they say it would hit the very working-class people he aims to help. But the fairness argument struck a chord with JASON DOWNS, a 22-year-old student at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA who went to see Mr. Huckabee speak yesterday. "Right now the middle class is paying more taxes, the upper class has abilities to get accountants and move funds around and all that. Where if you have a consumption tax, it's going to be a fair amount," said Mr. Downs.

Covington: butter cow signature photo op (Sydney Morning Herald, Jan. 3)
"At the state fair [in August]. Candidates show up there, taste the wares, get their picture taken with the butter cow. Mainly you're showing the flag, showing your interest in the state. Plus it's in a refrigerated room. Where else would you rather go?" - Professor CARY COVINGTON, University of Iowa. THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD is based in Australia.

Chang will miss caucus chaos (New York Times, Jan. 3)
In an op-ed, LAN SAMANTHA CHANG, director of the University of Iowa Writers' Workshop, writes: "Soon, life here in Iowa returns to normal. After months of campaigning from basement apartments, the guests from out of state will head for the airports. Their vacated apartments will be aired out and put to order. As several thousand reporters move on to New Hampshire, the local talk will turn from caucusing to a more global topic: weather. Iowans will settle in for the heart of winter, when the political yard signs will be buried in snow. As recent newcomers from Massachusetts, my husband, Rob, and I will regret the closing of the Iowa primary season."

Immigration cited as election issue (Chicago Tribune, Jan. 2)
A recent poll by the University of Iowa ranked immigration the fourth-most important issue among Republican caucusgoers, behind terrorism, the economy and the war in Iraq. Among Democrats polled, immigration ranked seventh among hot-button issues. DAVID REDLAWSK, a political science professor and director of the University of Iowa Hawkeye Poll, said the gap between Republican and Democratic voters regarding immigration may be due in part to candidate rhetoric.,1,4698150.story?ctrack=1&cset=true

College campuses quiet before caucuses (Chicago Tribune, Jan. 2)
The Drake University campus was quiet this week before the Jan. 3 caucuses. At the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, in Iowa City, it has been equally quiet this week. "I haven't seen a lot of people come back for any of the campaigns," said Mark Bowers, a student organizer for former North Carolina Sen. John Edwards. Nearly a third of undergraduates at the University of Iowa are from the Chicago area. If they return to Iowa for the caucuses, that could help Sen. Barack Obama of Illinois, something of a hometown favorite at the school.,1,2625403.story?ctrack=2&cset=true

Arabic taught at Kalona school (New York Times, Jan. 2)
Zahra al-Attar teaches Arabic at Kalona Elementary School as part of the federal Foreign Language Acquisition Program that provides money for schools to teach languages of strategic importance. She started teaching after following her husband, a professor of medicine, to the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. The article also appeared in the INTERNATIONAL HERLAD TRIBUNE.

Paul picking up support in Iowa (Newsday, Jan. 2)
In just two months, Ron Paul's support among Republicans in tomorrow's Iowa caucuses has more than doubled to 9 percent, according to a new Des Moines Register poll. That is nearly twice the 5 percent for Rudy Giuliani. A new CNN poll has Paul and Giuliani tied here at 8 percent. "No one expects a lot from Giuliani in Iowa," said University of Iowa political scientist DAVID REDLAWSK, noting that the New Yorker merely hopes to make a respectable showing here as he focuses on big-delegate primaries elsewhere. "But to have him lose to Ron Paul, who is essentially considered on the fringe, would be an unquestionable embarrassment." The newspaper is published in New York.,0,782767.story

Campaigns seek young voters (USA Today, Jan. 2)
Candidates are trying hard to persuade young voters like Riddle to come out on caucus night, sending text messages, visiting college campuses and offering internships on their campaigns. But the presidential hopefuls may find themselves unable to compete with jobs, busy social lives and sheer political apathy. "If (young voters) do turn out, they can make a huge difference," said PEVERILL SQUIRE, a political scientist at the University of Iowa. "But I don't think we're going to see the caucuses flooded." Groups supporting the candidates also are targeting students, sponsoring pizza parties on caucus day, organizing carpools for out-of-state college students, and offering their couches for those who need a place to stay that night. "We're trying to make it more student friendly," said GREG BAKER, chairman of the college Republicans at the University of Iowa.

Squire analyzes Giuliani campaign (Boston Globe, Jan. 2)
In Iowa, some analysts believe, Giuliani's half-hearted campaign effort was a mistake. His record of cutting taxes, crime, and welfare in New York and his strong stand against terrorism, not to mention his famous role in New York City's response and recovery from the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, are all assets in most voters' minds. "This is clearly, in my view, a bungled opportunity for Giuliani," said PEVERILL SQUIRE, a political science professor at the University of Iowa. "In a crowded Republican field, he was positioned to finish in the top three if he had made a serious effort." Hearing about his personal life "obviously works against him a bit, but if he had been here, put in the time, and emphasized the other characteristics which tend to be received more positively, he could have overcome it," Squire said.

Presidential aide graduated from UI (Washington Times, Jan. 2)
President Bush is benefiting from a Karl Rove-free White House and the lower-profile approach of his successor, who high-ranking Republican Party activists and operatives say helped the administration to key victories at the end of last year. Mr. Bush named Barry Jackson in September to replace Mr. Rove, the "architect" of Mr. Bush's electoral successes. In 1983, Jackson graduated from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA with a degree in journalism.

Many Iowans undecided before caucuses (Boston Herald, Jan. 2)
As candidates begin their down-to-the-wire campaign marathon leading up to the first-in-the-nation caucus, an indecisive air on both sides of the aisle threatens to leave the race wide open going into New Hampshire, with the potential to diminish Iowa's stature and throw the race into confusion. "For Democrats who are undecided, it's because they like everybody," said University of Iowa pollster DAVID REDLAWSK. "On the Republican side, being undecided is really about being unhappy about the choices." Redlawsk said there's a chance in some precincts that Democrat backers of lower-tier candidates could unite to form a viable "uncommitted" bloc. "But the most likely scenario is they'll all be bunched together," Redlawsk said, meaning that there could be no Iowa winner on the Democratic side.

Hagle notes independence of Iowa voters (Deseret Morning News, Jan. 2)
, a political science professor at the University of Iowa and an active Republican, said Iowa's small size gives candidates a chance to interact directly with voters as they shape their campaigns -- "to work the kinks out.... It's not that you want the candidates to pander to these folks, you want them to listen to them." Hagle said the independence of Iowa voters more than makes up for the criticism that the state is too white and too rural to represent the rest of the country. "Iowa is a very purple state," he said, neither Republican red nor Democratic blue. About 40 percent of Iowans are independents, registering as having no political affiliation, Hagle said. The Deseret Morning News is published in Utah.,5143,695240605,00.html

Redlawsk notes Huckabee's rise (Christian Science Monitor, Jan. 2)
After former Tennessee Sen. Fred Thompson failed to catch fire, the activists say, Republicans moved toward Mike Huckabee, who showed with his second-place finish in the Ames straw poll in August and his rising poll numbers that he had momentum. "We saw a very traditional bandwagon effect once Huckabee broke through some threshold of viability," says DAVID REDLAWSK a pollster at the University of Iowa in Iowa City.

Squire: Clinton can survive weak Iowa showing ( Jan. 2)
Recent poll results portend a nail-biting Thursday evening for Hillary Clinton in Iowa, where anything but a victory in the caucuses would likely be viewed as a major setback at the start of the presidential primary season. "Senator Clinton can survive a second- or even third-place showing in Iowa, as long as the gap behind the first-place finisher is not too large," said University of Iowa political scientist PEVERILL SQUIRE.

Obama told UI students to 'come back and caucus' (New York Times, Jan. 2)
One of the $64,000-questions about Thursday's Iowa caucuses is how much students from out of state will influence the outcome. A big argument has been raging here about rules that allow out-of-state students who attend schools in Iowa to vote as long as they are not registered elsewhere. Although presidential campaigns here have been notorious over the years for using out-of-staters to pack rallies and organize, at issue here is their actual participation in the caucuses: some see it as a hijacking of their process, while others see it as a voting rights issue and say that as many people as possible should be encouraged to participate. "Don't let somebody tell you that you are not part of this process, because your future is at stake," Mr. Obama said in a visit to Grinnell in December. He told students at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, "if you're going to be out of state, I want you to come back and caucus."

Gronbeck: Edwards must do well in Iowa (Salt Lake Tribune, Jan. 2)
Some contenders need a strong showing in Iowa to avoid going bust, such as Huckabee on the GOP side and Edwards on the Democratic side, while others have built up enough campaign structure in other states to finish back and still be formidable going forward. "If John Edwards is going to stay in, he's going to have to do well in Iowa," says BRUCE GRONBECK, professor of communication studies at the University of Iowa. "He's been able to use personal appeal [to compete in Iowa, but] he's going to have to do more than that to win in the other states."

Squire evaluates organizational strength (Christian Science Monitor, Jan. 2)
With most polls showing a very close race among the top candidates in both parties, the outcome hinges on which campaigns are best at turning out their supporters. Among the Democrats, Illinois Sen. Barack Obama is counting on young voters and independents to caucus for him. New York Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton is counting on women and older voters. Former North Carolina Sen. John Edwards is counting on men and on experienced caucusgoers. All three have equal support among union households, according to the latest Des Moines Register poll. And by appearances, it's a tie in organizational strength. "Given the number of phone calls and people knocking on doors, they're all very active," says PEVERILL SQUIRE, a political scientist at the University of Iowa in Iowa City. "I don't think any one organization has any advantage over any other."

Covington: voters respond best to real people (Miami Herald, Jan. 2)
Think of an Iowa caucus campaign as an iceberg: The most visible part -- the candidate -- is just a small part of an enormous entity. In Iowa's hinterlands, the best-funded campaigns have assembled massive teams. Workers in dozens of field offices oversee volunteers, make calls, knock on doors, pore over voter lists, recruit precinct captains, train supporters in the complex caucus rules and follow up with voters who attend campaign appearances. Field offices are the key to doing such work well because they're an efficient place to organize and because "a real person is what voters respond to," said CARY COVINGTON, a University of Iowa political scientist. "Especially someone they see in their community."

UI students discuss politics (CNN, Jan. 2)
Atul Nakasi, president of the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA College Democrats, and John Mulrooney, secretary of the student group, were interviewed on CNN's "American Morning."

Iowa Electronic Markets cited (New York Times, Jan. 2)
Researchers involved in the Iowa Electronic Markets, a nonprofit real-money exchange run by professors at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, have found that political markets often forecast election results better than polls. The Iowa market only offers contracts on which party is likely to win the US general election and which candidates are likely to win the Republican and Democratic nominations. This Reuters story also appeared on the Web sites of YAHOO! NEWS and INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPERS, based in Dublin, Ireland.

Story features Iowa Electronic Markets (KSL, Jan. 2)
Would you be willing to invest in a candidate if you could make money when the election was over? In other words, if the candidate were a stock, would you want to invest in a few shares? Well, you can! It's the real deal, and it's legal. The business school at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA began open trading on its "Iowa Electronic Market" back in June of 2006 -- when the candidates were in the very early stages of their campaigns. The business school says the "IEM" is primarily for teaching and research so students can learn how markets work, but anybody can buy in. KSL television and radio is based in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Rietz says profit motive gives IEM edge (Marketplace, Jan. 1)
The Iowa Electronic Markets and other similar futures predictions markets can do a better job than public opinion polls in predicting election outcomes because they are driven by profit motive, said TOM RIETZ, a finance professor at the University of Iowa and member of the IEM steering committee. Marketplace is a production of American Public Media and is heard on hundreds of public radio stations across the country.

Caucus-goers face several issues (Omaha World-Herald, Jan. 1)
Opinion polls show that Americans of all political stripes agree upon the top issues facing this country: the Iraq war and national defense, health care and the economy. These are pocketbook and security issues, underscored by falling house prices, rising insurance costs, and last week's assassination of former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto. All are on Iowans' minds as Thursday's caucuses approach, and they will assuredly remain top issues long after the caucuses conclude. "They are clearly the three big ones," said DAVID REDLAWSK, a political scientist at the University of Iowa, who helped to conduct a poll in late October that gauged the priorities of Iowa caucus-goers. Other issues, including immigration, also are on voters' minds, but the importance they place upon them may vary depending upon whether the voters describe themselves as Republican or Democrat. For example, in the poll conducted by the University of Iowa, 13.7 percent of Republicans identified immigration as one of the most important issues facing the nation, while just 2.4 percent of Democrats put it at the top.

IEM seen as better predictor than polls (Dallas Morning News, Jan. 1)
Michelle Collins, who is studying accounting and finance at the University of Iowa, is among the thousands of traders who buy and sell contracts in the Iowa Electronic Markets, which is run by the university's business school. Traders can put money behind the candidate they think will win the nomination through contracts that pay out $1 each if a particular candidate wins the nomination. The market has gained media attention because it's better than most polls at predicting how people will vote, said TOM RIETZ, a University of Iowa professor who works on the project. While polls generally come within five percentage points of the voting results, the markets have averaged a 1.3-percentage-point difference, he said. "The closer you get to the election, the more accurate the Iowa Electronic Markets become," Mr. Rietz said.

Redlawsk comments on caucus precinct leaders (News-Journal, Jan. 1)
Getting people to the caucuses is kind of like herding cattle into a pen of competing feed bins and then making sure they eat your hay. Especially among Democrats, precinct captains can be invaluable in this process. Supporters of Democrats who fall below 15 percent in a caucus's first ballot are then free to go to their second choice. Horse-trading in the second round could determine this year's Democratic winner. "One of the tricks about Iowa organization is that so much of it is under the radar," said DAVID REDLAWSK, a University of Iowa political scientist who supports Edwards. "Who do you have as precinct leaders? Which is something that all campaigns claim to have, but you never know until caucus night." The newspaper is published in Wilmington, Del.

Gronbeck comments on Richardson campaign (Santa Fe New Mexican, Jan. 1)
For months, Gov. Bill Richardson has said his goal is to be among the top three in Iowa. He's still saying that. But by last week, he seemed to be downplaying that goal, stating he plans to stay in the race until at least Feb. 5, when more than 20 states, including California, Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma and New Mexico, hold primaries and caucuses. BRUCE GRONBECK, director of the University of Iowa Center for Media Studies and Political Culture, said Richardson "got off to an awfully good start in Iowa. "He was the only governor," Gronbeck said, "And his initial ads were clever and got him a lot of attention. But he ran on his résumé for an awfully long time. He constantly said, 'I can do it because I'm a governor.' But he hasn't really gotten around to talking about a range of issues important to the state."

Obama, Clinton target voter groups (Boston Globe, Jan. 1)
Democratic front-runners Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama, locked in battle in the first state contest on the road to the presidential nomination, are eyeing first-time caucus participants in Iowa as a key to victory. The Clinton campaign is appealing to women attending their first political nominating caucus, set for Thursday in Iowa, while the Obama campaign seeks new young voters. "It's a smart angle by both of those campaigns," said TRACY OSBORN, a professor of political science at the University of Iowa. "Barack Obama could bring in minority voters and younger voters and Hillary Clinton is likely to bring in women voters and typically those are groups that don't participate in a caucus."

UI studies driving tax (Kiplinger magazine, January issue)
A national study run by the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA is ramping up in six metro areas to test the concept of taxing mileage rather than gas consumption. Thousands of drivers will continue to pay gas taxes at the pump, but they'll also get a simulated bill every month showing how much they would pay under a mileage-based system.






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