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University of Iowa News Release

April 21, 2004

Campbell And Greenberg Elected To National Academy Of Sciences

Two professors in the University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine have been elected members of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS).

Kevin Campbell (left), Ph.D., the Roy J. Carver Chair of Physiology and Biophysics and interim head of the department, UI professor of neurology, and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Investigator, and E. Peter Greenberg (right), Ph.D., the Virgil L. and Evalyn N. Shepperd Professor of Molecular Pathogenesis and UI professor of microbiology, were among 72 new members and 18 foreign associates from 13 countries elected April 20 to membership in the nation's most distinguished scientific organization.

Campbell and Greenberg were chosen in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research. The NAS election was held during the business session of the 141st annual meeting of the Academy in Washington, D.C. Those elected this year bring the total number of active members to 1,949.

The election of Campbell and Greenberg brings to five the number of UI faculty who have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences. Other NAS members are Michael Welsh, M.D., HHMI Investigator, and the Roy J. Carver Chair of Biomedical Research in the UI Departments of Internal Medicine and Physiology and Biophysics; James A. Van Allen, Ph.D., emeritus professor and Regent Distinguished Professor, and Donald Gurnett, Ph.D., the Carver/James A. Van Allen Professor of Physics, both in the Department of Physics and Astronomy in the UI College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.

"I am thrilled by the election of Professors Campbell and Greenberg to the National Academy of Sciences. As world-class scientists, whose research has had such a profound impact on understanding human disease, they have undoubtedly earned this wonderful honor," said UI President David Skorton. "I have known and followed the careers of both of these investigators for many years, and I am gratified that the excellence of their research has been recognized at the highest level. We are incredibly fortunate at the University of Iowa to be able to count as colleagues and teachers individuals who achieve such recognition."

Campbell, who joined the UI faculty in 1981, is internationally known for his neuromuscular disease research. His work has led to the identification of the molecular and genetic basis of several forms of muscular dystrophy and provided a clearer understanding of the muscular dystrophy disease processes. Campbell's findings have already greatly improved the diagnosis of muscular dystrophy and point to strategies for developing therapies for these devastating neuromuscular diseases. Campbell has been an HHMI Investigator since 1989 and is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences.

Greenberg, a UI faculty member since 1988, is an international expert on bacterial cell-to-cell signaling. His work has advanced understanding of how bacteria organize in biofilms, communities of cells encased in a self-produced slime that are extremely resistant to antibiotics. Greenberg's research has implications for treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF). Bacterial biofilms that form in the lungs of individuals with CF are extremely hard to treat and often are deadly. Greenberg also is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

"Dr. Greenberg and Dr. Campbell are truly outstanding scientific leaders. They are thoroughly deserving of this honor," said Jean Robillard, M.D., dean of the UI Carver College of Medicine. "Their dedicated research and brilliant scientific insight constantly improves our understanding of human diseases and opens up potential treatment options for currently incurable conditions.

"It is also a tremendous honor for the Carver College of Medicine to have faculty who belong to such a select and prestigious organization as the National Academy of Sciences," Robillard added.

"I am thrilled for Peter and Kevin, and our University and Iowa. This is tremendous and well-deserved recognition of their enormous contributions to biomedical science," Welsh said. "It is a privilege and a delight to have them as colleagues."

The National Academy of Sciences is a private organization of scientists and engineers. It was established in 1863 by a congressional act of incorporation, signed by Abraham Lincoln and is charged to act as an official adviser to the federal government, upon request, in any matter of science or technology.

Additional information about the institution is available on the Internet at A full directory of NAS members can be found online at

University of Iowa Health Care describes the partnership between the UI Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine and UI Hospitals and Clinics and the patient care, medical education and research programs and services they provide. Visit UI Health Care online at

STORY SOURCE: University of Iowa Health Science Relations, 5141 Westlawn, Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1178

CONTACT: Jennifer Brown, (319) 335-9917

PHOTOS/GRAPHICS: Photos of Campbell and Greenberg are available at