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UI in the News

May 2001

See UI in the New Archive Index

A story about the book "In Harm's Way: The Sinking of the USS Indianapolis and the Extraordinary Story of Its Survivors" says its author, Doug Stanton, graduated in 1989 with an M.F.A. in poetry from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA.

BILLS BOOK CITED (Lingua Franca, May/June 2001)
The magazine's "Breakthrough Books" section mentions DAVID BILLS, associate professor of sociology of education at the University of Iowa and author of The New Modern Times: Factors Reshaping the World of Work (SUNY, 1995).

A probe of racial bias in the federal death penalty system has stalled five months after Justice Department officials met with experts from across the USA to begin the research, sources close to the process say. DAVID BALDUS, a law professor at the University of Iowa who has written extensively on capital punishment and was one of the experts at the meeting with Justice Department officials, says the session was a "well-organized" attempt to identify areas worthy of long-term research. But Baldus left the meeting wondering whether prosecutors really want that type of review. "They spoke with one voice," he says. ''They weren't interested.''

Amnesty International marked its 40th anniversary yesterday, offering a grim tally of international imprisonment, torture and killings, and spotlighting what it called the human rights threat posed by economic globalization. Amnesty leaders criticized the United States for its continuing use of the death penalty, for supplying abusive regimes with weapons and instruments of torture, and for failing to support international treaties such as a ban on land mines. While not the first private human rights group, Amnesty "was the one that became the most prominent first, and of course that was helped by having got the Nobel Prize a number of years ago," said BURNS WESTON, director of the Center for Human Rights at the University of Iowa. "It has had a tremendous impact that can't be minimized. ... It has been at the center of most of the major efforts at pushing the human rights agenda forward."

One hundred seventeen years ago, the world was a mess. Nobody knew what time it was. Oh, they thought they knew, all right -- and that was the problem. People walked around with their own ideas about the time, depending on where they lived… CLARK BLAISE describes it like this: "Every town was its own Greenwich . . . All across the continent, every 12 miles-plus along the same east-west latitude -- New York to San Francisco, let us say -- as the sun crossed new longitudinal meridians, new noons were created. . . . Out in the Delaware Valley, sixty miles west of New York City, it was just 11:55 a.m. when the whistles were blowing in lower Manhattan." Blaise is the author of "Time Lord: Sir Sandford Fleming and the Creation of Standard Time," a recently published book about the prim, diligent, mathematically inclined Canadian to whom we owe thanks for our being able to arrive on time for job interviews, holiday dinners and illicit trysts in distant cities. Blaise, 60, a native of Canada who recently retired from his post as director of the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA's INTERNATIONAL WRITING PROGRAM, had long been intrigued by the small bit he knew about his countryman, he said.,2669,SAV-0105290292,FF.html

Just in time for Memorial Day and the unofficial start of summer, the American Academy of Dermatology has some words of warning about the sun. With cases of skin cancer on the rise, the academy has designated May as "Melanoma/Skin Cancer Detection and Prevention Month," to raise awareness about the sun's harmful effects and the importance of getting skin-cancer screenings. Central to the message is that you can take effective measures to cut your risk of getting skin cancer without having to shun the sun altogether. "The main factors in preventing skin cancer are wearing a sunscreen of at least 15 SPF (sun protection factor), staying out of the sun during mid-day, when it's strongest, and wearing protective clothing," advises Dr. ROGER CEILLEY, past president of the American Academy of Dermatology and a clinical professor of dermatology at the University of Iowa. This is a HealthScout story.

Hartzell Spence, a writer who as founder and executive editor of Yank magazine during World War II helped introduce the term "pinup," died on May 9 at his home in Essex, Conn. He was 93. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, Yank was the first to use the term as a noun, in 1943, but Life magazine used "pinup" in 1941 as an adjective -- for a girl, of course. One former employee of Yank recalled an early staff meeting at the magazine, in which he quoted Spence as saying, "We've got to have a pinup." "None of us had ever heard the term," the employee wrote. "I think Hartzell might have invented it." A Methodist minister's son, Spence graduated from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA in 1930 as a member of Phi Beta Kappa, and then served as Iowa bureau manager of the United Press Association.
Another version of the story ran May 29 on the Web site of the SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE.

BROWN TO USE EMU IN HIP STUDIES (Omaha World-Herald, May 27)
Researchers in Iowa are using the emu to study a disorder that forces thousands of people in their 30s and 40s to have hip replacements, a procedure that almost always must be repeated when they're older. Doctors settled on the emu for their research because it walks on two legs and its hip is similar to the human hip. "Over the years we looked at that a lot with cadaver studies and computer studies, but we never had an animal that would mimic the human disorder in terms of the head of the femur progressing to collapse," said Dr. THOMAS D. BROWN, professor of orthopedic biomechanics at the University of Iowa. "Then one bright, sunny day I had this idea that we could maybe use a big ostrich or an emu. One thing kind of led to another."

UI GRADUATE IS FEATURED IN PAPER (Minneapolis Star Tribune, May 27)
Featured in the paper's Sunday Spotlight column is Carol Frisch, president of the League of Women Voters of Minnesota, St. Paul. The column says Frisch holds a bachelor of arts degree from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA in political science and secondary education.

College campuses are fertile ground for unions trying to recharge the labor movement. Union membership is at a six-decade low, and labor leaders view younger, part-time workers as a way to reverse that decline. United Auto Workers and the American Federation of Teachers are among those courting students. There were 26 recognized graduate student unions in the United States on 62 campuses last year. The first teaching assistants' union was formed in 1969 at the University of Wisconsin in Madison, but the movement really began to spread only in the last decade. UNIVERSITY OF IOWA's union got graduate assistants a 19 percent raise in minimum salary and cost-of-living increases.

Over the last decade, in their furious quest for students, colleges and universities in the western suburbs of Chicago have competed by renovating, expanding, even duplicating their campuses. Now they're considering cooperating. At the Quad Cities Graduate Center, more than a dozen schools in both Illinois and Iowa have come together at a single site in Rock Island. Participating institutions include Augustana College, Bradley University, Drake University, Illinois State and Iowa State, the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA and the University of Illinois.,1051,SAV-0105270071,00.html

UI REPRIMANDS FRANK (Chronicle of Higher Education, May 25)
The University of Iowa has reprimanded a longtime astronomy professor for violating the university's ethics policy after he criticized two of his colleagues in a local newspaper. In addition to a letter of reprimand, LOUIS A. FRANK, an astronomy professor at Iowa since 1964, will lose a year's worth of the extra money he gets for holding an endowed chair -- about $13,500. MARY SUE COLEMAN, president of the university, upheld the recommendation of the Faculty Judicial Commission, which found "clear and convincing evidence" that Frank had wrongly accused ROBERT L. MUTEL and JOHN D. FIX of scientific fraud. (Subscription required)

A story on how profits from a casino will benefit the Winnebago tribe in Nebraska cites as an illustration the decision by Danelle Smith, a UNIVERSITY OF IOWA COLLEGE OF LAW student, to return to the Winnebago reservation this summer after fleeing following her graduation from high school in 1990. The main sources of her anguish were the pervasive poverty and unemployment on the reservation. Now, 11 years later, she is back, willingly, to begin an internship with Ho-Chunk, the tribe's economic development wing.

Hartzell Spence, a writer who as founder and executive editor of Yank magazine during World War II helped introduce the term "pinup," died on May 9 at his home in Essex, Conn. He was 93. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, Yank was the first to use the term as a noun, in 1943, but Life magazine used "pinup" in 1941 as an adjective -- for a girl, of course. One former employee of Yank recalled an early staff meeting at the magazine, in which he quoted Spence as saying, "We've got to have a pinup." "None of us had ever heard the term," the employee wrote. "I think Hartzell might have invented it." A Methodist minister's son, Spence graduated from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA in 1930 as a member of Phi Beta Kappa, and then served as Iowa bureau manager of the United Press Association.

Scholars have long speculated whether the reclusive poet Emily Dickinson suffered from some kind of mood disorder. Now, a century later, a study postulates that Dickinson may have had a mild form of manic depression, with periods of high poetic creativity coinciding with exuberant periods that bordered on mania. Previous research by psychiatrist NANCY ANDREASEN of the University of Iowa and Johns Hopkins psychiatrist Kay Redfield Jamison has indicated that bipolar traits are more likely among artists and writers than in the general population. Andreasen said the idea of the tormented artist is anything but romantic. "Mood disorders are not trivial illnesses," she said. "They are associated with a 10 percent suicide rate. There is also a remarkably high suicide rate among writers.",2669,SAV-0105230301,FF.html

New studies funded by the Tea Trade Health Research Association found several doses of black tea every day not only reduced plaque build-up but also helped control bacteria. The research is part of a collaborative study done in conjunction with the COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA and the Institute of Odontology at Goteborg University in Sweden. In the University of Iowa study, researchers looked at the impact of black tea's fluoride content on preventing cavities but found the benefits less clear. They exposed pre-cavity tooth changes to black tea but saw little change, suggesting that tea's cavity-fighting ability stems from a complicated reaction between it and bacteria. "We've had very little results, which implies that if tea is having a result in normal use it's not from fluoride," said JAMES WEFEL, professor and director of the Dows Institute of Dental Research at the University of Iowa.
The same REUTERS story ran May 23 on the YAHOO! NEWS Web site.
The same Reuters story ran May 23 on the Web site of the AUSTRALIAN BROADCASTING CORPORATION .
The same Reuters story ran May 23 on the EXCITE NEWS Web site.

Public health authorities are increasing their efforts to test females for chlamydia, which can linger quietly in the reproductive tract for months or even years, scarring the fallopian tubes. About 75 percent of infected women and between 30 and 50 percent of men don't experience any symptoms. Many won't seek medical help until complications arise. "We're doing more testing than we've ever done before," says Dr. KEVIN AULT, an assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Iowa and a consultant to the Iowa Infertility Prevention Project. "We're looking for the disease and finding it, whereas five or 10 years ago, we didn't have as good tools to test people."

Rare mutations in a gene called WNT2 may account for the inherited risk of autism in some families, according to research published in the American Journal of Medical Genetics. A disorder affecting mainly speech and social interactions, autism often runs in families. According to Dr. THOMAS WASSINK from the University of Iowa College of Medicine and associates, brothers and sisters of autistic individuals face a risk of developing autism 50 to 100 times higher than the rest of the population. The investigators looked for gene mutations in autistic and healthy individuals in an area of chromosome 7 linked to autism in earlier genetic screening studies.
The same REUTERS HEALTH article ran May 21 on the EXCITE NEWS Web site.

In a story about tinnitus -- commonly known as chronic "ringing in the ears" -- Dr. RICHARD TYLER, a professor of audiology at the University of Iowa, says that cognitive behavior modification therapy is based on the precept that "the way people talk or think about their problem has an impact on how they react to it."

ATKINS: Defibrillator SPOTS PROBLEMS IN KIDS (Yahoo! News, May 21)
A device used to restore a normal heartbeat during cardiac arrest can also recognize heart-rhythm abnormalities in children, study findings show. In recent years, automated external defibrillators (AEDs) have been placed in airports, police stations and other public places in an effort to provide better emergency treatment, according to the study's senior author, Dr. DIANNE L. ATKINS of the University of Iowa. But until recently, no AEDs were approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in children younger than 8, she explained in an interview with Reuters Health. The concern was that the devices might misclassify heart rhythms in children and give them unnecessary shocks, according to Atkins. She noted that the devices were designed to recognize abnormalities in adults, and their heart activity differs slightly from children's.

UI PRESS PUBLISHES 'IOWA ALBUM' (Minneapolis Star Tribune, May 20)
Mary Bennett's "An Iowa Album: A Photographic History, 1860-1920" (UNIVERSITY OF IOWA PRESS, 327 pages, $34.95) provides a marvelous glimpse of the state through photographs and oral histories. Beginning with "Indians and the Land," the book's six chapters trace the development of the state to its "Coming of Age" early in the 20th century. Bennett, special collections coordinator at the State Historical Society in Iowa City, uses diaries, journals and letters to supplement and expand on her selection of photographs.

BLOOM BOOK 'POSTVILLE' CITED (Raleigh News & Observer, May 20)
A story about a rabbi who moved from Brooklyn to Chapel Hill, where other Jews have questioned him about allegations that he drove a getaway car in an armed robbery in Iowa, also talks about the new book by University of Iowa journalism professor STEPHEN G. BLOOM, "Postville: A Clash of Cultures in Heartland America." In the book, Bloom describes the social collision between the mostly Lutheran residents of Postville, Iowa, and the Lubavitcher Jews who opened a kosher slaughterhouse and meatpacking plant on the outskirts of town.

MUSICIANS HAVE UI TIES (Los Angeles Times, May 20)
A story about Harry Partch, "microtonal guru, composer and incurable freethinker," said the Partch Centennial Celebration at the University of California-Los Angeles Saturday included presentations by Partch fans and scholars, including Philip Blackburn, creator of the biographical "Enclosures" project. Blackburn's family was vacationing in the U.S. when he went to hear a rehearsal of Partch's "The Bewitched" played by an ensemble devoted to the composer's work. Conducted by alternative tunings composer and Partch champion Kenneth Gaburo, the work fascinated Blackburn. Blackburn went on to study music at Cambridge and then at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, where Gaburo taught.

A story about a nationwide shortage of nurses that is afflicting schools as well as hospitals and nursing homes says the problem raises the risk of children getting the wrong medicine or missing doses completely. Almost half of school nurses reported errors when dispensing medication, most often missing a dosage, said ANN MARIE MCCARTHY, who led the University of Iowa study. "The trouble is there's no single answer to this," McCarthy said. "You have to hand it to these school nurses ... They're trying very hard, and they're asking for help. It can be overwhelming, all the things they do." The same Associated Press article ran April 30 in the SAN ANTONIO EXPRESS-NEWS.

UI ENFORCES CODE OF CONDUCT (Chronicle of Higher Education, May 18)
At the beginning of the year, the University of Iowa told the 560 companies with licenses to make Hawkeye paraphernalia that they would have to abide by a new code of conduct requiring them to disclose factory locations, pay workers a living wage, and abide by other principles adopted last year in response to student protests. In February, Iowa cancelled 153 of those licenses because their owners failed to disclose factory locations. This month, another 23 companies lost licenses because they didn't sign the code. Last week, a campus committee advised Iowa's president, MARY SUE COLEMAN, to give those companies a 30-day deadline to comply or lose their licenses. DAN E. TEETS, a library administrator who is chairman of the committee, says the main issue being discussed by the university and the manufacturers is how much overseas factories should pay workers.

MERRILL CRITICIZES LIST (Chronicle of Higher Education, May 18)
Don't look for James Joyce's Ulysses on World Literature Today's new list of the 40 most influential 20th-century works in the world. It didn't make the cut. Instead, you'll find such respected if somewhat obscure works as The Lost Steps (1953), by Alejo Carpentier of Cuba, The Time of the Doves (1962), by Mercé Rodoreda of Spain, and The Conservationist (1974), by Nadine Gordimer of South Africa. That's because the quarterly journal, which is published by the University of Oklahoma, compiled the list to celebrate its 75th anniversary and included only works produced during its lifetime. CHRISTOPHER MERRILL, director of the University of Iowa's international-writing program, calls the list "a joke," not only for the arbitrary cutoff of 75 years but also for "the omissions," which "are so glaring that it undercuts everything good that world literature has done over 75 years, which is to expand our notion of what world literature is." In most people's minds, he says, the 20th century is associated with Marcel Proust and Salman Rushdie, among others.

CANIN BOOK IS REVIEWED (Christian Science Monitor, May 17)
, who teaches writing at the University of Iowa, is the author of a new novel, "Carry Me Across the Water," which is reviewed by the newspaper. The novel, which the reviewer says is "full of graceful surprises," tells the story of August Kleinman, a retired American businessman, whose long life intersected many of the most powerful forces of the 20th century. When August's mother abandoned her wealthy husband in Germany and fled from the Nazis with her children, she saved August's life and set him on a path toward the American dream.

An article in the special Vacation section on Tuesday about family car trips misspelled the surname of a professor at the University of Iowa who teaches a course on the American vacation. She is SUSAN BIRRELL, not Burrill.

PATIENT CITED (Journal of the American Medical Association, May 16)
A story about efforts to lower the risk of second malignancies among survivors of childhood cancer includes a photo of Daniel Malamut, a 12-year-old whose cancer is in remission, standing beside his display on chemotherapy at the Invent Iowa invention convention. The photo caption says Malamut got the idea for the sixth-grade science project from his treatment experience, and put it together with the help of people at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA HOSPITAL HOLDEN COMPREHENSIVE CANCER CENTER, where he had received chemotherapy for a medulloblastoma for nearly a year.

UI FINDS NITRATE, CANCER LINK (Environmental News Network, May 15)
A new study of 22,000 Iowa women has found that nitrate in drinking water is associated with an increased risk for bladder cancer. PETER WEYER, associate director of the University of Iowa Center for Health Effects of Environmental Contamination and one of the study's lead authors, says "even low level exposures to nitrate over many years could be problematic in terms of certain types of cancer." The University of Iowa study is published in the May issue of the journal EPIDEMIOLOGY.

The predictable two-week summer vacation – a kind of endurance test for American families in the epoch of big Detroit cars and new superhighways – is no longer the norm and hasn't been for quite some time. SUSAN BURRILL, [sic] who teaches a course on the American vacation at the University of Iowa, requires her students to discover their vacation heritage by interviewing parents and grandparents. They find, she says, that vacations as they know them are nothing like the ones their elders remember. "Their parents," she said, "remember the road trips without air-conditioning and seat belts, and stopping at the historic sites and driving all day to get to the motel to jump in the swimming pool. That comes out of the 50's. Not from the students today in my class."

A story about high-stakes testing says H.D. HOOVER of the University of Iowa defends testing but agrees things have gone overboard. He places the blame squarely on politicians. "They want quick fixes, and they like tests because they're cheap. They mandate external tests because to the public it looks like they're doing something about education when all they're doing is actually a very inexpensive quick fix."

A story about a University of Utah geology professor who is undergoing a sex-change operation says other prominent scholars who have transitioned from male to female include DEIRDRE MCCLOSKEY, a renowned economist at the University of Iowa and author of "Crossing: A Memoir." Editor's Note: McCloskey is no longer with the UI, having accepted a position last year at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

NADS TO BEGIN OPERATION SOON (Chicago Tribune, May 15)
A state-of-the-art driving simulator for U.S. government and industry auto safety experts is almost complete, years behind schedule and millions of dollars over budget. The NATIONAL ADVANCED DRIVING SIMULATOR in Iowa City has been praised as a premier research tool to help save lives and criticized as a waste of money and a misplaced priority. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration did not dispute the $80 million figure for developing the simulator and the facility that houses it but said cost calculations over many years could be interpreted differently. The agency said there were additional expenses caused by technological problems and enhancements, not to mention administration and studies, some of them ordered by Congress. At the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA'S OAKDALE RESEARCH PARK, the simulator is expected to go into operation at the end of May, and Transportation Department agencies, including NHTSA, will use it two-thirds of the time at roughly $1,000 per hour. Auto companies and other researchers also will have access to it.,1051,SAV-0105140250,00.html

A story about the growing number of "child geniuses" enrolling at U.S. colleges includes a listing of residential programs for gifted and talented students that mentions the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA NATIONAL ACADEMY, Iowa City, Iowa. The reference is to the Belin-Blank Center's National Academy of Arts, Sciences and Engineering (NAASE), which admits select students who have completed course work equivalent to the junior year in high school.
The same box, without the accompanying ASSOCIATED PRESS article, also ran May 13 on the Web site of the SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE.

A story about speculation that poet Emily Dickinson suffered from bipolar disorder says that previous research by psychiatrist NANCY ANDREASEN of the University of Iowa has indicated that bipolar traits are more likely among artists and writers than in the general population. Andreasen said the idea of the tormented artist is anything but romantic. "Mood disorders are not trivial illnesses," she said. "They are associated with a 10 percent suicide rate. There is also a remarkably high suicide rate among writers."

UI OFFERS TIP FOR BATTLING WEED (Minneapolis Star Tribune, May 14)
In response to a reader's plea for help in eliminating creeping charlie, the paper says the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA has devised a homemade borax solution to kill the weed. "But it has to be mixed and applied carefully to be effective," the author of the Fixit article writes.

BASKETBALL PLAYER ATTENDED UI (San Francisco Chronicle, May 13)
A story about a former professional basketball player-turned-poet says Tom Meschery followed a poet and professor's suggestion and enrolled in the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA'S WRITERS' WORKSHOP, where he earned his master's degree. His wife Joanne (now an accomplished writer with three novels to her credit) also joined the program.

REVIEWER TAUGHT AT UI (Baltimore Sun, May 13)
Author Kathleen Norris's new memoir, "The Virgin of Bennington," is reviewed by Jonathan Pitts, a features writer for the Baltimore Sun who is co-author of a memoir of Whitey Herzog, "You're Missing a Great Game," and who taught English at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA.

PIONEER DONATES TO UI (Chronicle of Higher Education, May 11)
The Gifts and Bequests column says the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA received $500,000 from Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. to establish a professorship in rural safety and health.

A question-and-answer article featuring singer-songwriter Patricia Barber, the daughter of a saxophonist who played with Glenn Miller's orchestra, says she majored in classical music and psychology at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. She eventually moved to Chicago where, in 1984, she began a decade-long run at the trendy Gold Star Sardine Bar, and then moved to the Green Mill jazz club, where an ongoing weekly gig gives her a chance to develop new material with her band.
The same Associated Press article ran May 9 on EXCITE NEWS.
The same Associated Press article ran May 9 on the WASHINGTON POST Web site.
The same Associated Press article ran May 9 on the MINNEAPOLIS STAR TRIBUNE Web site.
The same Associated Press article ran May 9 on the NEW YORK TIMES Web site.

UI GETS REYNOLDS FOUNDATION GRANT (Minneapolis Star Tribune, May 9)
The Donald W. Reynolds Foundation is awarding $19.8 million to support doctors studying geriatrics in university health programs. Grant recipients were announced Tuesday at the foundation's Las Vegas headquarters. The foundation was created by the late media entrepreneur Donald W. Reynolds. Ten academic health centers were chosen from 64 grant applicants nationwide. Among the recipients who will receive $2 million is the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA.
The same ASSOCIATED PRESS article ran May 9 on the SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE Web site.

President Bush's plan to test every student in grades 3-8 annually in reading and mathematics has set off a fierce debate about what those tests should look like. The disagreement pits America's history of state and local control of public education against the desire for greater uniformity in reporting student achievement. In part, the differences of opinion stem from a lack of clarity about the White House goals for annual testing in grades 3-8. If the chief purpose is to compare the performance of individual students, schools, and districts, "then you can really only do that if you have a common kind of yardstick to measure everybody with," said MICHAEL J. KOLEN, an education professor at the University of Iowa and a past president of the National Council of Measurement in Education.

FORMER UI STUDENT RUNS FOR CORONER (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 8)
A story about upcoming elections in Westmoreland County, Penn., says that one of the candidates in the coroner's race is Republican Gregory C. Spain, a podiatrist who attended the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA from 1974 to 1977.

GOMPPER ATTENDS MOSCOW FORUM (Financial Times of London, May 8)
A story about contemporary Russian composers said the recent Moscow Forum International Festival of Contemporary Music included guests from abroad, including the American composer and conductor DAVID GOMPPER, who last autumn organized an epochal Russian new music festival at the University of Iowa that brought together composers of all stripes.

A story about the people who create computer viruses includes a question-and-answer article with Sarah Gordon, who has studied virus writers since 1992. Gordon, "40-ish," was working in a youth crisis center doing counseling on the day in 1990 when she got her first computer virus. Her fascination with what had happened led her to the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA to study ethics and technology. After writing several influential papers, she ended up at IBM's T.J. Watson lab in New Jersey, where important virus work was being done. She moved to software maker Symantec in October and studies virus writers and cyber-terrorism.

UI STUDENTS RECEIVE GRANTS (Chronicle of Higher Education, May 7)
The Organization of American Historians has recognized 28 people for their outstanding work in the field, including two University of Iowa graduate students. One of the Horace Samuel and Marion Galbraith Merrill Travel Grants in Twentieth-Century American Political History was awarded to ERIC FURE-SLOCUM for "The Challenge of the Working-Class City: Recasting Growth Politics and Liberalism in Milwaukee, 1937-1952."
And the Huggins-Quarles doctoral-dissertation award was presented to LIONEL KIMBLE JR. for "Combating the City of Neighborhoods: Employment, Housing, and Civil Rights in Chicago, 1940-1955."

UI PRESS FEATURED EXHIBITOR (Publishers Weekly, May 7)
A summary of tradeshow exhibitors at a recent event includes the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA PRESS, which publishes fiction, poetry and literature as well as general-interest, regional-interest and scholarly books on cooking, photography, theater and natural history. Featured titles included "City Watch: Discovering the Uncommon Chicago," by Jon Anderson; "Mountain of Memory: A Fire Lookout's Life in the River of No Return Wilderness," by Don Scheese; and "Jazz Country: Ralph Ellison in America," by Horace Potter, among other titles.

A poem by JAMES GALVIN titled "Cherry Blossoms Blowing in Wet, Blowing Snow" is printed in the magazine. A brief biographical note at the beginning of the magazine says Galvin teaches at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA WRITERS' WORKSHOP. It also says his novel, "Fencing the Sky," is available in paperback.

DAMASIO QUOTED IN STORY ON ROBOTS (Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, May 6)
A story about robots and efforts to create artificial intelligence on par with human intelligence says that even cognitive tasks that are not social require emotion. In 1997, neuroscientist ANTONIO DAMASIO published a report in the journal Science showing that emotions give people a feeling of the right choice even before they are able to consciously solve a problem -- a demonstration, essentially, of the power of the hunch. Damasio, a professor at the University of Iowa College of Medicine, studied a patient, "Elliot," whose brain had trouble processing emotional signals. Elliot would obsess over all the rational arguments for and against even simple decisions, such as where to go for lunch and have difficulty deciding.

Here in the U.S. we have summer vacations at arts-and-crafts centers and summer vacations at schools for folk dancing. We also have summer schools for aspiring writers. Probably the best-organized program for writers 18 and older is at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA in Iowa City, from June 10 to July 27. You can stay for a week, attending your choice of as many as 12 workshops supplemented by lectures, open-mike readings and time for old-fashioned scribbling, for $400 if you book in May. You can secure lodging for as little as $225 for the week. See the whole program online at Or call the Iowa Summer Writing Festival at (319) 335-4160.

A story about Moving America: Maryland, a program that uses dance and movement to teach first-graders everything from phonics to addition, says dance educator Krissie Marty -- who has been teaching alongside first-grade instructors since September -- earned a graduate degree in choreography from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. "Students' physicality is very powerful in their learning," said Marty. "When I think about it practically, it's like a science lab, but creative."

By indicting the two former chairmen of the world's most powerful auction houses on Wednesday, prosecutors are poised to build a case against A. Alfred Taubman, the former chairman of Sotheby's who is also its largest shareholder. Mr. Taubman, along with Sir Anthony Tennant, the onetime chairman of Christie's, are charged with organizing a scheme to fix the fees charged to about 130,000 customers. Mr. Taubman is an American citizen, and in this country, antitrust violations, which he is accused of, are a criminal offense. But even though prosecutors think Sir Anthony is guilty of a crime, his British citizenship will make it nearly impossible to extradite him as long as he remains in Britain because price fixing is not a criminal offense there. "Normally, American authorities would go to British courts and try to have him arrested, which they don't have the authority to do," said HERBERT HOVENKAMP, a professor at the University of Iowa and an antitrust specialist. "And British authorities would have to decide whether or not to honor their wishes. I suspect this whole thing will be two-thirds politics and negotiations and a relatively small amount of the law."

Some American workplace experts are now casting an eye across the Atlantic for confirmation that a shorter workweek -- as mandated in 1998 by the Socialist-led French government in Paris -- can boost productivity and employee quality of life. The last time such a shortening was implemented in the United States was the 1930s, says BENJAMIN HUNNICUTT, a labor historian at the University of Iowa and a longtime advocate of slashing the workweek. At the start of the Great Depression, says Hunnicutt, W.K. Kellogg's voluntary six-hour day created 30 percent more jobs, winning strong support from businessmen and labor leaders.

UI CANCELS APPAREL LICENSES (Grand Rapids, Mich., Press, May 3)
The UNIVERSITY OF IOWA has cancelled 176 licenses with apparel companies that either failed to disclose the location of their factories, or sign the school's code of conduct. The code, which outlines standards for wages, overtime, benefits and discrimination policies, was adopted after protests last spring by members of the group Students Against Sweatshops. The same ASSOCIATED PRESS article ran May 3 in the BIRMINGHAM NEWS in Alabama.

The University of Iowa has canceled 176 licenses with apparel companies that either failed to disclose the location of their factories or sign the school's code of conduct. The code, which outlines standards for wages, overtime, benefits and discrimination policies, was adopted after protests last spring by members of the group Students Against Sweatshops. "I think it is very important we play hardball," said David Burnett, a member of the Students Against Sweatshops Coalition. MARK ABBOTT, the university's director of licensing, said he thinks it is important to allow the companies to outline their concerns about the code and give them one more chance to sign it. "I have felt that most of the companies have legitimate concerns," Abbott said. He said some companies are worried about how the code defines a living wage.
The same ASSOCIATED PRESS article ran May 2 on the NEW YORK TIMES Web site.
The same Associated Press article ran May 2 on the MINNEAPOLIS STAR TRIBUNE Web site.
The same Associated Press article ran May 2 on the YAHOO! NEWS Web site.
The same Associated Press article ran May 2 on the EXCITE NEWS Web site.

A story about poet Gerald Stern says that from 1981 through the mid-1990s he taught at the IOWA WRITERS' WORKSHOP at the University of Iowa.

LUND, PERRY STUDY DRUGS (Muscular Development, May 2001)
Drs. BRIAN LUND and PAUL PERRY of the University of Iowa College of Pharmacy reviewed literature on performance enhancing drugs other than anabolic steroids. They gave creatine monohydrate high marks because it increased muscle mass, improves performance in many strength-speed sports and helps athletes train harder. Muscular Development is a monthly publication based in Hauppauge, N.Y.

A recent study found that a large percentage of minorities perceived the health care system to be biased. AUDREY SAFTLAS, Ph.D., associate professor of epidemiology at the University of Iowa, says this could be why African-Americans make fewer visits to their doctor during the last two months of pregnancy. "Some researchers theorize that many pregnant minority women have had negative encounters in the medical care system in their past and they may decide that the difficulties of seeing a doctor -- such as arranging child care, getting transportation and taking time off work -- exceed the benefits. But the tragedy is that they're not coming in at the most critical time, since the end of pregnancy is when many complications occur."

The magazine reprints part of a book chapter on granuloma inguinale -- a progressive, ulcerative bacterial infection of the genitalia found most commonly in tropical and subtropical areas -- that was coauthored by NOELLE C. BOWDLER, M.D., and RUDOLPH P. GALASK, M.D., associate professor and professor, respectively, in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics.







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