CONTACT: PETER ALEXANDER
100 Old Public Library
Iowa City IA 52242
(319) 384-0072; fax (319) 384-0024
Release: Sept. 29, 2000
(NOTE TO BROADCASTERS: Coelho is pronounced QUAIL-yo. Tadeu is pronounced
Six UI music faculty will be featured soloists in two 'concerted symphonies'
by Mozart Oct. 15
IOWA CITY, Iowa -- The University of Iowa Chamber Orchestra will feature
six faculty members from the UI School of Music in two works by Mozart, in
a free concert under the direction of William LaRue Jones, at 3 p.m. Sunday,
Oct. 15 in Clapp Recital Hall on the UI campus.
The relatively short orchestral program will comprise two "sinfonie
concertante," or "concerted symphonies," by Mozart -- a type
of concerto for more than one instrument and orchestra that was popular in
the 18th and early 19th centuries.
First on the program will be Mozarts Sinfonia concertante in E-flat
major for violin and viola, K.364, with violinist Amy Appold and violist Christine
Rutledge. Following a brief intermission, the orchestra will perform the Sinfonia
concertante in E-flat major for winds and orchestra, K. 297b, with flutist
Tadeu Coelho, oboist Mark Weiger, bassoonist Benjamin Coelho and horn player
Characterized by melodic variety, tuneful themes in major keys and a lighthearted
quality, the sinfonia concertante first appeared in Paris. Starting around
1770, French composers satisfied the Parisian audiences fondness for
virtuoso display by soloists and colorful orchestral sounds with numerous
sinfonie concertante that are largely forgotten today.
Composers at the court in Mannheim, Germany, soon took up the sinfonia concertante
as a means of showing off the abilities of their orchestra, which was renowned
as the best in Europe. Mannheim was especially famed for its outstanding wind
players, who were often featured in these works. From Mannheim the genre spread
throughout Europe until it fell out of fashion around 1830.
It was on a trip through the musical capitals of Europe in 1777-79 that
Mozart visited both Mannheim and Paris and came in contact with the sinfonia
concertante. He wrote the Sinfonia concertante for violin and viola in 1779
in Salzburg, soon after his return from that trip -- probably to show that
he and the Salzburg orchestra were as good as any musicians in Europe.
The work provides soloistic opportunities for both players, since the two
instruments mostly play in dialogue. Often the viola takes over phrases first
played by the violin and varies them in some way, before the two instruments
join together for the ends of sections.
The Sinfonia concertante for winds was written earlier, probably for the
players in the Mannheim orchestra. The work has been the subject of considerable
discussion among musical scholars. Because its origin is undocumented, and
it is in some ways an uncharacteristic work for Mozart, there is question
how much, if any, of the Sinfonia concertante is actually by Mozart. According
to one theory, the score was reconstructed by a later composer from Mozarts
original solo parts; another theory is that Mozart himself rewrote parts of
the piece to avoid similarities to another composers work.
Whatever the facts of its origin, the Sinfonia concertante for winds remains
popular with both wind players and audiences. The composer -- whoever that
is -- makes much out of the interplay among the individual instruments, allowing
each performer to shine as a soloist as well as bringing them all together
in a cohesive quartet.
Appold is a founding member and first violinist of the Maia String Quartet.
Her extensive performing experience also includes positions with the Youngstown
and Canton symphonies and the Isabella Gardner Museum Chamber Orchestra in
Boston and solo performances with the Columbus (Ohio) Symphony and the Bach
Ensemble of Baltimore.
Rutledge joined the UI faculty in 1998. She has appeared as soloist, chamber
musician and orchestral player throughout the United States and abroad. Her
performances and recordings with the Notre Dame String Trio have earned glowing
reviews from The Strad, Fanfare and other music publications. Her solo performances
have included those before her professional peers at three international viola
Tadeu Coelho joined the UI music faculty in 1997. An international touring
artist sponsored by the Miyazawa Flute Company, he has appeared as soloist
and chamber musician throughout Europe and the Americas. He has performed
as first solo flutist with the Santa Fe Symphony, the Hofer Symphoniker in
Germany and the Spoletto Festival Orchestra in Italy. In the summer of 1996
he was invited to play with the Boston Symphony at Tanglewood.
Since coming to Iowa in 1988 Weiger has performed as a soloist throughout
the United States, Canada, England, Mexico, Austria, France and Italy, presented
two recitals in Carnegie Hall in New York, been a finalist in nine international
competitions, won First Prize in the Queens Philharmonic Concerto Competition
(N.Y), and presented solo recitals with many notable artists.
Benjamin Coelho has worked extensively as performer and teacher of bassoon,
in both the United States and his native Brazil. He was a founding member
of the Manhattan Wind Quintet, with whom he played a sold-out concert in Carnegie
Recital Hall in New York. As a soloist, Coelho has played recitals and concertos
in Brazil, the United States, Canada and Portugal.
Thelander joined the faculty of the UI School of Music in 1989 and was elected
director of the School of Music in 2000. She was the first prize-winner in
the 1981 American Horn Competition, and she has performed throughout the United
States, Europe, Mexico, South Korea and the Peoples Republic of China.
She has recorded solo and chamber music for Crystal Records, CRI, Vienna Modern
masters and Centaur Records.
A UI music alumnus, Jones joined the faculty of the School of Music in 1997
as director of the University Symphony and director of orchestral studies.
Prior to joining the UI faculty, Jones was the founding music director/administrator
of the internationally recognized Greater Twin Cities Youth Symphonies of
Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minn. He has appeared as a guest conductor with
the Minnesota Orchestra, the St. Paul Chamber Orchestra, the Sinfonie Orchester
AML-Luzern (Switzerland) and other orchestras around the world. He has conducted
all-state and festival orchestras in 46 states and five Canadian provinces.
For information on UI arts events, visit http://www.uiowa.edu/artsiowa
on the World Wide Web. You may visit the UI School of Music web site at http://www.uiowa.edu/~music/.